Citations and Notes:

384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400
401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420
421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440
441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460
461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480
481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500
501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520
521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540
541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560
561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580
581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600
601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620
621 622

[281] Immigration and travel records, various as stated.

AO = British National Archives UK Outbound Passenger Lists, 1890-1939;

NW = New South Wales Unassisted Immigration Passenger Lists, 1826-1922
CA = California Passenger and Crew Lists, 1865-1935
CN = Canadian Passenger Lists, 1865-1935
UK = United Kingdom incoming passenger Lists, 1878-1960, National Archives London

Passenger Ship Departure Arrival Year Notes
Blatchly, Herbert Liverpool Quebec 22-May 1881 CN b abt 1872
Poole, Dunbar Loch Garry Glasgow Melbourne 1-Sep 1899 AO Assumed day in Sep
Blatchly, Herbert Melbourne Sydney 15-May 1906 NW
Poole, Dunbar Runic Melbourne London 26-Nov 1908 UK Manager
Salmon, Ramsay Runic Melbourne London 26-Nov 1908 UK
Poole, Dunbar Liverpool Sydney 1-Apr 1909 AO Assumed arr date
Poole, Dunbar Suevic Sydney London 21-Nov 1909 UK Professional skater
Salmon, Ramsay Suevic Melbourne London 21-Nov 1909 UK Professional skater
Poole, Dunbar Liverpool Sydney 1-May 1910 AO Assumed day in May
Salmon, Ramsay Liverpool Sydney 1-May 1910 AO Assumed day in May
Poole, Dunbar Medic Melbourne London 21-Nov 1910 UK Professional skater
Salmon, Ramsay Medic Melbourne London 21-Nov 1910 UK Professional skater
Bendrodt, James London Sydney 1910 AO
Blatchly, Herbert Orsova Britain Melbourne 1-Jun 1911 UK Assumed day in June
Bendrodt, James Marama Sydney Vancouver 15-Nov 1911 CN b. 1891
Poole, Dunbar Persic Melbourne London 21-Nov 1911 UK Tourist
Salmon, Ramsay Persic Melbourne London 21-Nov 1911 UK Tourist
Bendrodt, James Vancouver Sydney 21-Jan 1912 CN
Poole, Dunbar Liverpool Sydney 1-Apr 1912 AO Assumed day in April
Blatchly, Herbert Otway Britain Melbourne 1-Oct 1912 UK Assumed day in Oct
Poole, Dunbar Afric Sydney London 2-Dec 1912 UK Tourist
Salmon, Ramsay Afric Sydney London 2-Dec 1912 UK Tourist
Salmon, Ramsay Liverpool Sydney 1-Apr 1913 AO Assumed arr date
Poole, Dunbar Ventura Sydney San Fran 9-Oct 1913 CN dep. 20-Sep
Bendrodt, James Melbourne Sydney 13-Nov 1913 NW
Poole, Dunbar Sonoma Sydney San Fran 10-Nov 1915 CN Artist, final destination San Francisco, 23-Oct
Blatchly, Herbert Sydney Vancouver 17-Jul 1920 CN b abt 1872, England
Uksila, C and L Sydney Vancouver 16-Oct 1920 CN Charles "athletic trainer"
Blatchly, Herbert Vancouver Sydney 27-Apr 1921 NW with Eva, Jean b 1910 and Marion b 1914
Poole, Dunbar Sonoma Sydney San Fran 22-Nov 1921 CA Ice rink manager, final destination Ontario
Poole, Dunbar Mooltan Sydney London 5-Dec 1921 UK Ice rink manager
Salmon, Ramsay London Sydney 1-Apr 1923 AO Assumed arr date
Bendrodt, James Niagara North America Sydney 1923 CN
Uksila, C and L North America Sydney 1923 CN
Poole, Dunbar London Melbourne 1923 AO
Poole, Dunbar London Sydney 1925 AO
Bendrodt, James Sydney San Fran 3-Feb 1927 CN
Salmon, Ramsay London Sydney 1-Apr 1927 AO Assumed arr date
Salmon, Ramsay London Sydney 1-Apr 1928 AO Assumed arr date
Poole, Dunbar Brisbane London 1-Sep 1932 UK b abt 1877

[282] "Polar Palace, Ice Rink Hollywood: a brief history of lost California ice rinks", Palais de Glace page. web site, last visited Apr 2009, Online

Transcript: The Palais de Glace opened on February 10, 1925 on Melrose Avenue at Vermont Avenue, attended by "thousands of ardent devotees in gala attire" who turned out for the first ice rink in Southern California. The society mavens had their feathers ruffled when a crowd of some 200 "small boys" (who couldn't get into the sold-out event) opened a valve controlling a large tank of ammonia, releasing pungent fumes all over the box-holders. Order was restored by the management, police and fire departments, but the crowd was slow to file back into the arena.

After some speeches, there were performances by "Miss Margot," who did her "dizzy gyrations," Harley Davidson, Jack Fusick, Hazel Deane, George Brian, Carolyn Trask, Charlie Uksila, Robert Mann and Emily Brown, "all expert exponents of the art of ice skating." Then Peggy Hamilton "and her skate-clad Fashion Show with her 20 famous stage and screen stars" brought down the house. There were multiple parties both before and after the ice rink's opening, including ones attended by Mr. and Mrs. Leland Stanford, Hancock Banning, E. L. Doheney, Jr. and Sr., and Alexander Pantages.

The rink had been constructed beginning the previous fall and a January opening had been hoped for. The building was 140' by 325' with seating for 4500 people. The ice surface was 70' by 170' (which met regulation hockey requirements at the time). The ice surface contained 47,000 feet of pipe laid one inch apart. The "solution tank" held 20,000 gallons of brine, which is forced into the pipe by pumps. Ammonia is used to ensure an even ice surface in all temperatures.

[283] New York Times, 20, Mar 1917, "Walter Kuene Loses One-Mile Metropolitan Skating Title to Pickering"; 8 Apr 1917, "Big List of Ice Stunts"; 22 Mar 1918, "Kuehne St Mark for Mile at Rink"; 16 Nov 1918, "Speed Skater in Race". Full copies at links Madelaine Uksila biography.

[284] AIF Project, Ernest Arthur Collins Regimental number 6540 Religion Church of England Occupation Auditor Address Roanoke, St Kilda Street, Brighton, Melbourne, Victoria Marital status Single Age at embarkation 19 Next of kin Father, Arthur Collins, Roanoke, St Kilda Street, Brighton, Melbourne, Victoria Previous military service 49th Infantry Enlistment date 29 March 1915 Rank on enlistment Gunner Unit name Field Artillery Brigade 4, Battery 11 AWM Embarkation Roll number 13/32/1 Embarkation details Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A18 Wiltshire on 18 November 1915 Miscellaneous details (Nominal Roll) Name does not appear on Nominal Roll

Australian War Memorial, World War 1 Nominal and Disembarkation Rolls, Nominal Roll notes rank as Lieutenant in the Australian Flying Corps.

Australian War Memorial, Blogs, "An Unexpected Guest joins Christmas Dinner", 23 December 2008 by Pen Roberts. Online

[285] The Screening of St Kilda, A History of St Kilda’s Cinemas, undated, Peter A D Fogarty, St Kilda Historical Society, ISBN 0-9751060-1-5

[286] The West Australian, Tue 18 Feb 1890, p 3. Transcript: A Skating Rink Destroyed by Fire. [By Telegraph]. From Our Melbourne Correspondent. Melbourne, Feb 15. The St James's Park Skating Rink at Hawthorn has been destroyed by fire. The building was valued at £3,500, and is insured for £3,000. The fire is supposed to be the work of an incendiary.

[287] The Argus, 7 Aug 1886, p 2. Auction notice. Instructed by the executors of the late W J Ecroyd to sell 'that well-known brick cemented residence Oakrood', with frontage of 441' 8" to Barkly St and 235' 8" to Acland St, St Kilda. House has extensive conservatory, aviary, fernery & fishpond etc. (Mebourne Mansions database)

[288] Springvale Botanical Cemetery, Clayton, Victoria, Deceased Persons Index. Francis Peter Charles Beyer age 76 buried on 16 Jul 1937 in Presbyterian - Monumental Grave Compt D Grave 122. Wife Janet Beyer interred with him on 23 Jan 1941, age 81 and daughter Hilda Florence Beyer age 59 on 27 Jul 1944.

[289] The Argus, Thu 9 Feb 1928, p 7. Part Transcript: Simon Fraser Scholarship. The electors to the Simon Fraser (the Younger) Scholarship, consisting of the director of Education (Mr Frank Tate), Professor H H Payne, and the Warden of Trinity College (Dr J C V Beliau), met at the Education Department on Tuesday morning to consider applications and interview students. The scholarship is open only to students who have completed the course in a diploma of engineering at one of the technical schools in Victoria, recognised by the University of Melbourne under its statutes and regulations, and have also qualified for matriculation at the University... the holder is required to reside at Trinity College...

[290] The Argus, Sat 24 Jan 1920, p 18. Memorial to Sir Simon Fraser. The authorities of the Presbyterian Church of Victoria have been notified by Lady Fraser of her intention to transfer Picton, her residence at Queenscliffe, to the church as a memorial of her husband, the late Sir Simon Fraser, to be used as a rest home for ministers of the Presbyterian Church and their families. Lady Fraser is handing Picton over fully furnished. It is now ready for occupation, and ministers desirous of having the use of the residence for two or three weeks rent free, should apply giving particulars to the Rev D A Cameron, Assembly Hall, Collins street.

[291] The Argus, Wed 20 Apr 1921, p 10. Simon Fraser Memorial. Boathouse Presented to School. Through the generosity of Lady Fraser and family, the Melbourne Grammar School now possesses the finest boathouse on the river. It is a memorial to the late Mr Simon Fraser, captain of the school's boats in 1905, who died of diptheria. The building was formally opened yesterday. The head master of the school, Mr R P Franklin, said that the late Mr Simon Fraser gained the rower's greatest honour — that of rowing for Australia at the Olympic Games. (Load applause). "I am not going to try to tell Lady Fraser how grateful we are," he concluded, "but I would like to say that there could be no more fitting memorial to her son." (Applause). Archdeacon Hindley said that the name of the Fraser family was widely known and they had many evidences of Lady Fraser's kindness of heart. On behalf of Lady Fraser he handed the key of the boathouse to the captain of the boats (Mr Grey Smith), who called for cheers for Lady Fraser. "I hope," said Lady Fraser, "that the boats of the school will always be in the lead, but I know that this cannot be so. When you are not in the lead, I hope that you will take your defeat as true sportsmen." (Cheers) Amid cheering, Lady Fraser hoisted the school flag, and watched the first boat leave the sheds.

[292] History of Australian Rowing, web site, 2004–2009, Andrew Guerin, Olympic Games—Stockholm 1912.

[293] The Brisbane Courier, Wed 20 Dec 1893 p 5, Part transcript: A Victorian Delegate. Departure of the Hon. Robert Reid. Farewell Gathering. The Canadian Conference [By Electric Telegraph]. Melbourne, December 18. A large number of people gathered in the Town Hall this afternoon for the purpose of bidding farewell to the Hon Robert Reid, Minister for Defence, on the occasion of his visit to Great Britain and America...

The Brisbane Courier, Wed 31 Jan 1894, p 5, Article: The Colonies. [By Cable Message.] The Times on Colonial Affairs. Part Transcript: London, January 29. The Times in an article published today urges the British government to grant a subsidy to Huddart, Parker and Co's steamship line between Australia and Vancouver... The Times also refers in eulogistic terms to the mission of the Hon. R. Reid, Victorian Minister of Defence, to England, and ...

The Brisbane Courier,, Tue 20 Nov 1894, p 6, Article: Meat Export Trade, Interview with the Hon, S Fraser (just prior to his return to Australia from Canada via London).

The West Australian, Tue 1 March 1898, p 5, Article: The Federation Convention, Some Financial Clouds.

The West Australian, Wed 18 Apr 1894 p 2, Article: Mr Robert Reid's Movements. London, April 17. Mr Robert Reid, the Victorian Minister of Defence, sails for New York by the Lucania on Saturday, and from thence will proceed to Canada. He returns to Australia via the Canadian-Pacific Railway and Vancouver.

[294] Colonial Conference (1894: Ottawa, Ont.). Proceedings of the Colonial conference, 1894: held in Ottawa, Canada, from 28th June to 9th July, 1894 / Printed by order of Parliament. [No.5b-1894.] Ottawa: Printed by S. E. Dawson, 1894. Pages 21-30.

[295] "Clan Fraser, A history celebrating over 800 years of the Family in Scotland". Reference is also made to the Clan Fraser in Canada, Souvenir of the First Annual Gathering , Toronto, May 5th 1894 (1895).

[296] Soilleux Family Pedigree, as compiled by Edmund Augutus Soilleux and Arthur Thomas Soilleux circa 1900, then added to by Mr K Saunders (Australia) 1944, and Geoffrey Garnet Soilleux and Mrs janice Soilleux 1981, web site. Transcript: Garnet Argyle SOILLEUX Birth: 14 September 1900, Burke Road, city of Hawthorn, County of Bourke, Victoria Death: 17 May 1959, Greenbank Hosp. Plymouth England Married 28 May 1937 (Age 36) Father: Garnet B SOILLEUX (I397) Birth 12 Aug 1860, Yackandandah, Vic, Aus Death 29 March 1935 (Age 74), Alfred Hospital, Prahran, Melbourne, Vic Ethel May ARGYLE Birth 1871, Durham Ave, Victoria Death 1940 (Age 69), Bribane, Queensland Aus Marriage 28 May 1937, Parish Church of South Yarra, Melborne, Australia Ethel Victoria Crawford, Birth 1909 Castlemaine, Vic, Aus Death 1955 (Age 46) Vic, Aus, dau Edward Arthur Crawford and Victoria Elisabeth Gorman. (Key data verified at Births Deaths and Marriages Victoria).

[297] The Encyclopedia of AFL Footballers. Holmesby, Russell & Main, Jim (2007). 7th ed. Melbourne: Bas Publishing.

[298] Beaudesert Shire Historical Church Tour, undated, Beaudesert Shire Council.

[299] St John's Church, Queensland Heritage Register, Environmental Protection Agency, Queensland Government, Historic Building Registers and Inventory, web site, online

[300] Political Graveyard, web site, Index to Politicians, entry for Charles Goodall. Transcript: Goodall, Charles (1824–1899) — of San Francisco, Calif. Born in England, 1824. Member of California state assembly 8th District, 1871-73. Co-founded a San Francisco shipping firm; served as harbormaster of San Francisco in 1861-65. Died in 1899. Interment at Mountain View Cemetery, Oakland, Calif. Online

Also: Goodall, J. E. — of California. Member of California state assembly 12th District, 1865-67.

[301] Our Society Blue Book, Hoag, Charles C., pp 266-268, Charles Hoag Pub., San Francisco, CA. 1899. Transcribed by Sally Kaleta, Golden Nugget Library San Francisco County Databases. Transcript: PACIFIC-UNION CLUB SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. Club House Northwest Corner Post and Stockton Streets. 1898 Members: GOODALL, Charles, 10 Market GOODALL, Charles M , 10 Market GOODALL, Edwin , 10 Market (Director). Notes: The Pacific-Union Club is a consolidation of the Pacific and Union Clubs - two social organizations that existed in San Francisco; the Pacific since the year 1852, and the Union since 1854. These two clubs were consolidated in February 1889, under the name of the Pacific-Union Club. It is one of the noted and exclusive clubs of San Francisco; elegant in its appointments, luxurious in its accommodations, and is provided with and excellent library, as well as all current literature of unexceptional features. Online

Pacific Union Club San Francisco 1922 IN MEMORIAM, Deaths: Charles Goodall July 13, 1899; Edwin Goodall, February 26, 1909. (Arthur Goodall was Director and Secretary and House Committee member, 1921-22)

pp. 243-247, Transcript: MERCHANT'S CLUB 1899 SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. CLUB ROOMS 222 Sansome S. E. Corner California A social organization composed principally of wholesale merchants. Organized January 28, 1887. GOODALL, Chas., 10 Market. GOODALL, Edwin, 10 Market. Online

pp 147-167, Transcript: OAKLAND SOCIAL REGISTER 1899 GOODALL, Capt. Charles Miner; 150 Lake (Tel. Red 3001.). /_______ Charles F./ Irving W. /GOODALL, Capt. and Mrs. E.; 1317 Jackson. (Tel. Red 211.). 1st Tues. /_______ Miss Ella; Arthur.

[302] International Genealogical Index (IGI), Latter Day Saints, Old Parish Registers.

[303] Hill-Tingley Families IGI Ancestral File, by Barbara P Harris, USA, a descendant of James Hill and Mary Goodall (1828–1899). Sources include Goodall Bible, Old Parish Registers of Rodney Stoke; 1841 English Census-Rodney Stoke Parish and newspaper cuttings.

1851 Census Rodney Stoke Parish, hamlet Draycott. Transcript:

Geo head age 49, laborer, born Rodney Stoke;
Ann age 47, wife, b Rodney Stoke;
Matilda dau age 17, b Rodney Stoke;
William age 14, scholar, b Rodney Stoke;
Ellen age 10 scholar, b Rodney Stoke;
Edwin age 7 scholar, b Rodney Stoke.

Next door: James Goodall age 47, farmer, wife Elizabeth age 32; Emma age 10; Maria age 8; Lot age 4 son.

LDS Film 1526727 / 1824: Married by C S Cobley; witnesses were John Milton, Honour Star; Th Thom

[303A] International Genealogical Index, Verifications by author.

IGI Batch No.: C015493 Ann STARR Christening: 10 APR 1803 Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey, England Father: James STARR Mother: Ann

[304] 1880 United States Census, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, Family History Library Film 1254079, NA Film Number  T9-0079,  p  403C.

 Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace
 Charles GOODALL  Self  M  Male  W 56  ENG  Shipping Merchant  ENG  ENG
 Serina GOODALL  Wife  M  Female  W 49  NY  Keeping House  VT  CANADA
 Samuel E. GOODALL  Son  S  Male  W 23  CA  Student  ENG  NY
 Charles M. GOODALL  Son  S  Male  W 20  CA  Ship Master  ENG  NY
 Serina T. GOODALL  Dau  S  Female  W 12  CA  At School  ENG  NY
 Harry GOODALL  Son  S  Male  W 7  CA    ENG  NY
 Wilfred THAYER  Nephew  S  Male  W 22  NY    NY  NY
 Oluf NELSON  Other  S  Female  W 23  SWEDEN  Servant  SWEDEN  SWEDEN
 Benjamin PETERSON  Other  S  Male  W 23  SWEDEN  Servant  SWEDEN  SWEDEN

[305] The Windsor and Eton Express. Bucks Chronicle and Reading Journal, Some Selected Reports from The Windsor and Eton Express, 1827. County of Bucks Game Duty - List I List of Persons who have obtained General Certificates (D) at the Rate of Three Pounds Thirteen Shillings and Sixpence each, for the Year 1827; made up to the 1st of September. Goodall, Rev. Wm. Dinton Goodall, Rev. J. J. Dinton

Game Duty - List II List of Persons you have obtained Gamekeepers Certificates C at the Rate of Three Pounds Thirteen Shillings and Sixpence each, for the Year 1827; made up to the 1st of September. Buckinghamshire, Earl of Great Hampden Harvey, Danl, by the Right Hon.Lord Grenville, for Hitcham. Grimwade, Charles, by Edmund Blount, Esq., for Shabbington Cobden, John, by the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, for Stowe, Luffield, Gorrell, (Boycott Oxon), Redclive cum Chackmore, Maidsmorton, Foscott, Bartons in Thornborough, and Stockholt in Akeley, in the county of Bucks. Cobden, John, by the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, K.G., for Astwell and Falcott, in the f Northamptonshire. Porter, John, by the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, K.G., for Barton Hartshorn. Porter, John, by the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, K.G., for Finmere Porter, John, by the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, K.G., for Westbury Goodall, George, by the Rev. W. Goodall, for Dinton and its Dependancies. By Order of His Majesty's Commissioners for the Affairs of Taxes. Edward Bates, Secretary.

[306] Index to Unassisted Inward Passenger Lists to Victoria 1852-1923, Public Records Office Victoria, Fiche 76 p 3: John Goodall age 20 arrived in Melbourne from a British port in Sep 1854 on Cheviot. Note: Goodall's obituary published in the Argus says he arrived in September 1853. He made have gone to England the following year, returning to Melbourne in September 1854, or he may have arrived from San Francisco via England at this time.

Fiche 419 p 1: William Goodall Adult, arrived in Melbourne on Somersetshire in June 1883.

[307] Pacific Coast Company: Ships & Narrow Gauge Rails, 1997 (2nd ed., 1st out of print since 1983), Gerald M. Best, Publisher: Signature Press 1997, ISBN Number: 0963379119 / 9780963379115. Table of Contents: Foreword; Important Dates in the Pacific Coast Company Story. Part I: Development of the Pacific Coast Railway; A: John Harford's Horse Railroad; B: The Steam Railroad to San Luis Obispo; C: Expansion; D: Pacific Coast Railway; E: The Oil Wells Came to Santa Maria; F: Competition and the Declining Years; G: Liquidation; H: The Hazards of Narrow Gauge Railroading; I: The Locomotives and Rolling Stock of the Pacific Coast Railway. Part II. The Steamships; J: The Pacific Coast Steamship Company; K: List of Steamships,1867-1916; L: The Pacific Coast S.S. Company's Railroad at San Diego. Part III. The Pacific Coast Company in Washington; M: The Railroads; N: The Locomotives and the Rolling Stock. Signature Press, hard cover with dust jacket, 154 pp., 8.75 x 11.25 x .5 in., 10 maps, 193 b&w photographs. The book contains numerous historic and rare photographs, as well as roster information on the equipment of both rail and ship operations.

[308] The Maritime Heritage Project, California, D.A. Levy. Ship Arrivals in the Port of San Francisco: 1860s. Source: Daily Alta California, Family Papers, Historical Records, Submissions from Researchers. Transcript: May 5 1861: Bark Comet, Captain Smith, 18 days from Honolulu. Cargo: 500 watermelons (in transit for New York, 300 pumpkins, whalebone, 982 bullock hides, sugar, molasses and pulo. Passengers: E. Woodbury; Stephens Spencer; J.G. Harding; D.M. Weston, wife and son; Asa Anthony; C.G. Hopkins; Capt. George Kenworthy; Capt. P.S. Wilcos; E.G. Blodgett; Mrs. Karson and son; Miss Emily Emmes; J.P. Green; ? Broufatis; Frank Garamer; Warren Johnson; M. Evanhoff; W. Goodall and three children (Mr. Goodall is Collector of Customs at Honolulu): Jose Ma Mendoza; A. McPherson; C.H. Lewers, wife, child and servant; Miss Lewers; Mrs. M. Rogers; Capt. Bailey; James Patterson; Dennis Dexter; P.J. Becker; John Gately; E.D. Ensign; Mrs. Sequeira and child.

[309] Transpacific Steam: the story of steam navigation from the Pacific Coast of North America to the Far East and the Antipodes 1867—1941, by E. Mowbray Tate, 1986, quoted passages: p 127, More than any other Pacific Coast Line, American Mail was the product of a long line of companies, not so old as Pacific Mail, but with a parent company reaching well back into the nineteenth century. In reverse order these were the Admiral Oriental Line (1922), Pacific Steamship Company (the Admiral Line—1916), the Pacific Coast Steamship Company (1876) and Goodall and Nelson (1860). Partly online

[310] Parallel Paths: Canada-Australian Relations since the 1890s, by Greg Donaghy, Government of Canada web site, online

[311] PERKINS, George Clement, 1839–1923, Biographical Directory of the United States and Dictionary of American Biography. Research collections: online

[312] Goodall Family Memorial Monument, Millionaire's Row, Mountain View Cemetery, Oakland California, USA. Monumental transcription (from photographs):

Charles Goodall (1824–1899)
+ wife (1) Serena M. Goodall (May 11, 1832–Apr. 17, 1893) Inscription:
Wife of Charles Goodall. Native of Spafford, N.Y. Faithful unto death.
+ wife (2)? Caroline J Goodall (1840–1939)

[1] Samuel Edward Goodall (1857–1909)

[2] Charles Miner Goodall (Nov 10 1859–Oct 31 1928)
+ wife (1) Rose E Goodall (Nov 18 1858– Jul 22 1894) Inscription: Wife of C M Goodall, aged 35 y's 8 mo's 4 d's, blessed are the pure in heart for they shall see God
+ wife (2) Marian Cullen Goodall (Feb 7 1879–Nov 20 1934)

Harry Walter Goodall (1873–1930)

[313] 48th Annual Report Of The Ladies' Seaman' s Friend Society Port of San Francisco, CA, For the Year Ending July 31, 1904. Transcribed by Nancy Pratt Melton. SAN FRANCISCO THE SALVATION ARMY PRESS 149 NATOMA ST. 1904.

Part transcript: Life Members: *Goodall, Capt. Charles *Goodall, Mrs. Charles (*Deceased.)

FORM OF BEQUEST I give and bequeath to the "Ladies Seaman's Friend Society of the Port of San Francisco," incorporated April, 1858, the sum of $___, to be applied to the charitable use of this Society. CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION THE LADIES' SEAMAN'S FRIEND SOCIETY. We, the undersigned, hereby certify that at a meeting of the Board of Managers are the Ladies' Seaman's Friend Society of the Port of San Francisco, held in the City and County of San Francisco, on the fourth day of August, in the year 1858, for the election of the Board of Trustees of said Society, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of said Society, and statutes in some cases made and provided: We, Rebecca H. Lambert and Harriet J. Bunker, were duly appointed the judges of said election, and counted the votes of the members and declared the result. And we do further certify that, at the said election, Mrs. Catherine D. Knight, Mrs. Martha N. Thurston, Mrs. Eliza Beck, Mrs. Harriet R. Cushing, Mrs. Rebecca H. Lambert, Mrs. Mary J. Shelly, Mrs. Margaret A. Tracy, Mrs. Serena M. Goodall, and Mrs. Harriet J. Bunker, were duly elected Trustees of said Society, and that the said Trustees and their successors in office are forever hereafter to be called and known as a corporation by the corporate name of the Board of Trustees of the Ladies' Seaman's Friend the Society of the Port of San Francisco, CA. All which is hereby certified, according to the provisions of the Act entitled and Act concerning corporations, passed April 22, 1850, and particularly the eighth chapter of all the Acts extending said Act. Witness our hands and seals this 4th day of August, A. D. 1858. REBECCA H. LAMBERT, [L. S.] HARRIET J. BUNKER, [L. S.] In presence of LEWIS PECK

[314] The Californian Illustrated Magazine, December 1892-May 1893, Volume III, Edited by Charles Frederick Holder. San Francisco. "Methodism in California", by Rev. A. C. Hirst, D. D., LL. D. No. II, Entry on Capt. Chas Goodall (reproduced in "Goodall" section of this web site). online

[315] The New York Times, 12 Jul 1902, Obituary Notes, The Rev Dr A C Hirst, Pastor of the First Methodist Church of Omaha.

[316] San Francisco Social Register 1927, transcribed by Nancy Pratt Melton, 2002. Part transcript: Goodall, Mr. Arthur Clubs: Pcu.Sfg. Remarks: see C. M. Cooper; Goodall, Mr. and Mrs. Chas Miner Maiden name: Marian Cullen Clubs: Tc. Address: 514 Cherokee Avenue, Los Angeles; and Goodall, Mr. Irving Remarks: Died. Dr. & Mrs. Chas Miner Cooper, maiden name Ella F. Goodall, clubs Pcu.Sfg. Bur.Tc. Edin' 97; Ph: 1821 Fil; 2550 Buchanan; Mr. Arthur Goodall online

Social Register San Francisco 1927, Volume XLI No. 11, November, 1926, Social Register Association. Married Maidens, transcribed by Nancy Pratt Melton. Part transcript: The following maidens names taken from the present number of the Social Register are arranged alphabetically for the purpose of convenient reference to the married name. The names of Married Maidens who have married into families of other cities appear with their married name and with the city of their present residence. ... Goodall, Ella F. married Cooper; Goodall, Helen married Van Dyke-So Cal; Cullen, Marian married Goodall.

BlockShopper Los Angeles, web site, 514 N Cherokee Avenue, Los Angeles-Greater Mid-Wilshire/Hancock Park, CA 90, Year built: 1925, Square footage (living): 3,693 sq. ft., Beds: 8, Baths: 5. 2007 property taxes: US$7,601.55.

[317] Official Roll of the City and County of San Francisco, AB INITIO, Prepared by Oscar T. Shuck, Attorney-at-Law, 509 Kearny Street. SAN FRANCISO: PRESS OF DEMPSTER BROS., 35 GLEN PARK AVENUE, 1894. Transcribed by Nancy Pratt Melton, 2003. Part transcript: Goodall, Charles Harbor Master 1862 to 1865; Goodall, Charles Park Commissioner 1885 to 1886

[318] Canadian Dictionary of Biography, Allan, Sir Hugh (1810-1882), online

[319] 'Currie, Archibald (1830–1914)', by J. Ann Hone, Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 3, Melbourne University Press, 1969, pp 509-510.

Papermaking Biographies - Australasia, Capt Archibald Currie, Papermaking in Australasia to 1900, Alexander Romanov-Hughes, web site, online. Tanscript: CURRIE, Archibald (Capt.) (1831-1914) Born on 11 September 1831 at Saltcoats, Ayrshire, Scotland, the son of John Currie, shoemaker and his wife Elizabeth, nee Nichol. Arrived in Melbourne in March 1853 as the third officer on the "Sir William Molesworth". Married on 3 April 1866 in Victoria to Jessie Rollo, daughter of John Ballantine Rollo and Janet, nee Gray. He and William Brookes bought Ramsden's Melbourne Paper Mills in 1882 from Samuel Ramsden's eldest son, George Ramsden. In 1895 Robert George McCutcheon, acting in trust for him and William Brookes, purchased the Barwon Paper Mill at Geelong. Was one of the founders of The Australian Paper Mills Co. Ltd. in 1895 which combined the paper mills at Melbourne, Geelong and Broadford. Retired in 1913. Died on 3 September 1914 at his residence, "Pladda", Dickens Street, St. Kilda, Victoria. Buried on 5 September 1914 at the Boroondara Cemetery, Kew, Victoria.

[320] The Maritime History Virtual Archives, 1998, "Wreck of the British Ship Glenmorag", Transcribed by Lars Bruzelius from San Francisco Chronicle, March 3, 1896. Online Transcript: San Francisco Chronicle, March 3, 1896. Portland, Oregon, March 20: The British ship Glenmorag, Captain Archibald Currie, from Callao, in ballast, for Portland, went ashore about 4 p.m. yesterday on the coast of Washington seven miles above Ilwaco in a dense fog. She sailed from Shields, August 15th, and arrived at Callao December 9th. The first intimation of the wreck reached Ocean Park about 5 o'clock when one of the crew arrived at Mrs. Taylor's seeking assistance for his injured companions. The news spread to Nahcotta like wildfire and soon after a large number of residents made their way to the scene of the wreck, where they found the captain and crew, of whom two were killed and four injured. The ship struck at about high water and now lies port side to the shore. From Captain Currie it is learned that the first indications of danger was the cry of "Breaker on port bow!" from the man on the lookout. He immediately attempted to wear around and almost succeeded when she struck and swung around, broadside on, with her head to the southward. The after port and starboard boats were cleared away and lowered, both reaching the water about the same time. The mate, who was in the lee boat, attempted to pull out to sea, but was forced to let her drift in shore. The boat which had been lowered on the weather side in rounding the stern was caught by a tremendous sea and dashed up under the ship's counter crushing the occupants in a cruel manner and smashing the boat considerably, the air-tight tanks with which she was provided alone keeping her afloat. The captain next set about lowering the forward boat, and reached the shore in safety an hour later. On landing he discovered that two men had been killed and four injured. The Glenmorag is an iron, full-rigged ship of 1567 tons register, and was built on the Clyde, Scotland, in 1876. She is owned by R. & C. Allan, who were also the owners of the Strathblane, which was wrecked near the same spot four years ago this month. Captain Currie had been in command of her the past nine years. The Glenmorag was the last of the clipper ships built for the Allan Line, and was owned by R.S. and C.A. Allan of Glasgow. She was launched at Glasgow in 1876, was 255 feet long, 38 feet beam, and 22 feet deep, and of 1567 tons.

Also see Allans of Ayrshire, Kilwinning and Beyond, 18th-19thc, 1997 Marjorie Jodoin, Online

[321] Homes of British Ice Hockey, Martin C Harris

[322] Adelaide Advertiser, Wed 7 Sep 1904, p 8. Part transcript: On Tuesday evening (6th Sep 1907) the Glaciarium, or Ice Palace Skating Rink, was opened, those who attended being present by special invitation of the proprietary.... Regular sessions begin in the morning.

[323] Adelaide Advertiser, Sat 17 September 1904 p 12.

[324] Adelaide Advertiser, Tue 20 Sep 1904 p 2. Ad with H Newman Reid, General Manager. See image reproduced in "Figures"

[325] Adelaide Advertiser, Wed 28 Sep 1904, p 10. Law Courts.

[326] The Brisbane Courier, Wed 14 Dec 1892, p 7. Transcript: The following is a list, taken from Lloyd's London Weekly Newspaper, of persons who left the United Kingdom for Australasia, or were last heard of in these colonies, and who are inquired for by friends in Great Britain. Answers to inquiries should be sent to the editor of Lloyd's, who has the addresses of the inquiring friends, and it is requested that in these answers mention should be made of the newspaper through which discoveries are made. CALDWELL, John Charles Gerald, went to Melbourne, 1882; last heard of at Langridge- street, Collingwood, about 1886-7. His mother seeks him. (Original from from Lloyd's London Weekly Newspaper Oct 16, 1892).

[327] Index to Unassisted Inward Passenger Lists to Victoria 1852-1923, Fiche 427, p 5. Public Record Office Victoria. Transcript (not yet confirmed this was John Charles Gerald Caldwell): CALDWELL JOHN age 36 arrived Melbourne from British port in DEC 1883 on WESTMEATH

[328] Adelaide Advertiser, Fri 3 Mar 1905, p 8. Transcript: The ice skating rink was reopened on Thursday evening. Considering the short notice the devotees of the art were given, there was a large attendance, the floor being well filled with skaters, while the seating accommodation was freely used by those who preferred to see the splendid ice floor used by others. Several improvements have been carried out, a great advantage being the partition erected between the entrance and the rink proper. The feature of the evening was an exhibition of fancy skating by Professor Brewer, who comes to Australia with excellent credentials. He proved that he is a skater whose equal has never been seen in Australia on an ice rink, and was loudly applauded for his dexterous and interesting exhibition, which reached a climax when he turned a complete somersault while going at full speed. The floor was in a better state than was ever reached previously, and all those who tried it vouched for its excellence. The temperature of the building was pleasant, the air being beautifully fresh and cool. The rink will be open every evening.

[329] Adelaide Advertiser, Wed 15 Mar 1905, p 7. Transcript: The fact that Australia possesses an up-to-date ice rink — the only one in Australia — is greatly appreciated by large numbers of skaters, as well as by other visitors, who find the Glaciarium a cool and pleasant resort. The reconstructed floor gives a perfect surface, on which Professor Brewer, the expert from Prince's Rink, London, demonstrates what swift and artistic evolutions can be made. There are also many skillful amateurs, and all who try the ice are enthusiastic regarding the pleasures of a graceful and healthy exercise.

[330] Adelaide Advertiser, Tue 25 Apr 1905, p 7. THE GLACIARIUM. The Glaciarium was well attended on Monday evening, when a programme of sports was carried out. There was a large attendance. A hoop race in three heats was run. The places in the first were filled by A. L. Reid and Pascoe, in the second by L. Reid and J. Anthony, and in the third by H. Reid and H. Knight. Two heats, were run in connection with the hurdle race, the first going to A. L. Reid and Illingworth, and the second to J. Anthony and Bruer. ln the fan and balloon race Illingworth, Pascoe, J. Anthony, H. Nott, Conrad, and Bruer were left in to contest the final. The reel-winding competition was won by Miss Jarvis, with Miss Kennedy a close second. Miss Marsden and A. L. Reid won the button-sewing race from Miss Stuart and J. Anthony. The finals will be decided tomorrow evening, when a mile handicap race for men will also be run.

[331] Adelaide Advertiser, Wed 17 May 1905, p8. Part transcript: The Ice Skating Rink. On Monday evening an exciting hockey match was played at the Glaciarium between teams representing D & W Murray and G & R Wills. As most of the players were novices the game caused great amusement...

[332] Adelaide Advertiser, Mon 22 May 1905 p6. (Add)

[333] Adelaide Advertiser, Sat 3 Jun 1905. p15. At the Glaciarium on Friday evening a hockey match was played between teams from the establishments of D & W Murray and James Marshall. The scores were:- Murray's, 7 goals 1 point; Marshall's, 1 goal 3 points.

[334] Adelaide Advertiser, Sat 10 Jun 1905, p10. An exciting game of hockey was played at the Glaciarium on Friday evening. The play was even right through, and the result was - Clutterbuck Bros., 2 goals 3 points; G R Wills, 2 goals. Something out of the ordinary may be expected by ice skaters next week. Tonight there will be a hockey match between Prince Alfred and St Peter's Colleges. A former contest resulted in a tie.

[335] Adelaide Advertiser, Sat 17 Jun 1905, p10. The Glaciarium has been well patronised during the past week, and the number of ice skaters shows a marked increase. The Warehousemen's Association sports were run on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday evenings, and the competition was keen on each occasion. On Wednesday and Thursday evenings races were held for members of the crew of the Austrian cruiser Panther, and provided much amusement. Professor Brewer gave exhibitions of fancy and fast skating, covering six laps in 1 min. 2 sec. The principal race for warehousmen was a half-mile scratch. The results were:- Half mile Scratch.- (add) ... This evening the rink hockey team will play a match against a team selected from the crew of the SMS Panther. Professor Brewer will give an exhibition of skating.

Historical note: In 1866 a small group of commercial travelers in South Australia banded together with the objective of getting some redress for grievances they had about the state of roads and hotel accommodation. This was the original group formation of the Commercial Travellers' Association in Australia. Having achieved what they set out to do, they disbanded early in 1873, with their accumulated funds being donated to the Adelaide Benevolent and Strangers Association. After a brief repose, the group reformed in 1874 and became the South Australian Commercial Travellers' and Warehousemens' Association. Sir Edwin Thomas Smith (1830 - 1919) was a patron.

[336] Adelaide Advertiser, Mon 17 July 1905 p7. Part transcript: ... a hockey match was played between teams captained by Professor Brewer and Professor Caldwell. All the players were expert skaters, and the match they provided was the best that has been played on the rink. The game was fast from the beginning, but it was soon apparent that Professor Caldwell's team had the measure of their opponents, and they eventually won by 3 goals 1 point to 1 goal 1 point.

[337] Adelaide Advertiser, Wed 19 July 1905 p7. Describes winners of a Couple Race prior Tuesday and notice a Half-mile Handicap of Australia and finals for the Egg and Spoon, Hoop Race and Rescue Race to be contested that night. Part transcript: ... Tonight the Half-mile Handicap of Australia will be contested. As a number of good skaters have entered it should be a fine race.

Note: above this article is another entitled "Olympia Rink", a roller rink, which describes "Indies" sports, a football match on skates and a visiting team of rinkers from Gawler to play a game of polo with the rink team.

[338] Adelaide Advertiser, Wed 16 Aug 1905, p 6.

[339] Adelaide Advertiser, Sat 16 Sep 1905, p10. Part transcript: On Friday evening a hockey match was on the ice between Professor Brewer and Professor Caldwell's team, which proved exciting. The play was fast from start to finish, and the game was one by Professor Brewer's team, the scores being - Brewer's team, 3 goals 1 point; Caldwell's team, 2 goals. Professor Brewer will appear in fancy skating this evening, and sports will also be held on the ice...

[340] Adelaide Advertiser, Thu 12 Oct 1905, p 9. Description of the end-of-season fancy dress Floral and Musical Carnival at the Glaciarium. Season closed Sat 14 Oct 1905.

[341] Adelaide Advertiser, Mon 16 Oct 1905 p8. Part transcript: Three cheers were given by the patrons of the rink to the management, whose enterprise in providing this excellent winter amusement is cordially recognised, and whose courtesy and attention to visitors have contributed largely to the success of the season ... Professor Brewer gave one of his magnificent displays of figure skating, and was enthusiastically applauded. To him, Professor Caldwell, and others connected with the rink, much credit is due for the successful manner in which sports on the ice have been organised and carried out during the season as an adjunct to the ordinary attractions.

[342] Adelaide Advertiser, Sat 16 Dec 1905, p 13. Part transcript: MUIRDEN COLLEGE. The Muirden Caledonian Scholarship for 1906 has been won by A. L. Reid.

Notes: The Caledonian, June 2006, Official Newsletter of the Royal Caledonian Society of South Australia. Part ranscript: In 1902, a scholarship was presented by Wm. Muirden Esq. at his Commercial College. Miss Belle Maxwell was the first recipient. These scholarships were allotted by the Society for students from 1904 to 1948. Recipients were students at Saint Peters, Prince Alfred’s and Scotch Colleges, and in later years to students at the Presbyterian Girls College (now Seymour).

A Brief History of the Society, Royal Caledonian Society of South Australia. Between about 1906 and 1961, annual Educational Scholarships for children of Society members with a tenure of three years were allotted to by the Society to students attending Saint Peter’s, Prince Alfred’s and Scotch Colleges, and, since the mid 1920’s, to students attending the Presbyterian Girls College. In 1903, an early Director of the Society, one Mr Muirden who founded Muirden College, generously established an annual one year scholarship for a student to attend his College. The first such student was a Miss Maxwell in 1904. In all, in excess of fifty students benefited from all these scholarships until their cessation. Following the financial difficulties caused by the hall additions, all remaining funds in the Scholarship Account were transferred into General Revenue to assist with mitigating the debt.

[343] Adelaide Advertiser, Wed 2 May 1906, p 4. Transcript: Mr Henry Newman Reid left Adelaide on Tuesday afternoon for Victoria, where he will take charge of the new ice rink which has recently been constructed at Prince's Court.

[344] Adelaide Advertiser, Thu 4 Oct 1906, p 9. Transcript: ICE SKATING RINK. To-day will witness the closing of the Glaciarium for the present season. In tne evening a benefit will be given to the the employees, when sports will take place.

[345] Adelaide Advertiser, Fri 5 Oct 1906, p 7. CLOSE OF THE ICE-SKATING SEASON. The season of ice-skating was concluded at the Glaciarium on Thursday evening, but in all probability the rink will be reopened next year. A large number of skaters and a fair representation of the public were present last evening. The entertainment took the form of a benefit to the rink employees. A sports programme was carried out with the following results: - Half-mile handicap, J. Read. Tilting, S. Nash. Lap-dash, R. M. Coward. Musical chairs, R. M. Coward.

[346] Adelaide Advertiser,, Sat 24 and Mon 26 Nov 1906, p 2. Notice of dissolution of partnership between H N Reid and William Brooker and Colin Stewart in the Ice Palace Skating Company, Adelaide.

[347] Adelaide Advertiser, Tue 12 Mar 1907, p 8. Transcript:

[348] Adelaide Advertiser, Thu 25 Apr 1907, p 9. ICE SKATING. Good houses have been recorded at the Ice Palace Skating-Rink this week. To- night there will be a hockey match, and this is one of the most interesting sports that can be played on the ice. Profeseor Brewer, who has been to Switzerland, will give an exhibition of fancy skating on Saturday evening, and will remain at the rink for a short season. The fancy-dress and poster carnival, to be held next Wednesday evening, promises to prove more than ordinarily attractive, and numerous skaters are going to considerable trouble and expense to equip themselves with suitable costumes.

[349] Adelaide Advertiser, Tue 12 Mar 1907, p 8. ALLEGED BREACH OF AGREEMENT. PROPRIETORS OF A SKATING RINK SUED. Melbourne. March 11. An action in relation to an alleged breach of agreement in connection with the refrigerating machinery business carried on at the Glaciarium was begun at the Banco Court to-day before the Chief Justice. The plaintiff was Charles Macdonald, and the defendants were Henry Newman Reid and the Melbourne Ice Skating and Refrigerating Company. The plaintiff, who was a manufacturer of machinery, carried on business in Sydney and Adelaide, and the defendant was an engineer in connection with the refrigerating machinery and cold storage. The plaintiff on March 3 entered into an agreement with the defendant Reid, under which the latter was to act as his general manager at a salary of £500 for the first year, £600 for the second year, and £750 for the third year, and was to be allowed his travelling expenses. An understanding was come to that it would be part ot the duty of the defendant to use his influence in promoting and assisting in the formation of syndicatrs or companies for ice refrigerating and cold storage purposes. One stipulation was that, such companies when formed should purchase the requisite machinery from the plaintiff, and that liberty should be reserved to the defendant to prepare the plans and specifications for such services. Reid was to receive 2,000 fully-paid up shares in the defendant company. Some 1,500 shares had been allotted him, and the other 500 shares were to be handed to him when he had complied with certain conditions. A declaration was sought by the plaintiff that the 2,000 shares were his (the plaintiff's) property, or that they were acquired bv Reid as trustee or agent for the plaintiff. The defence was that the agreement existed between plaintiff and defendant, who, however, denied that he was bound by it to give the whole of his time to the plaintiff's affairs. He was at liberty, he asserted, to devote a portion of his time and ability for his own benefit, and not as employee of the plaintiff in connection with the flotation of companies. The defendant said, it was allowable for him to receive for himself personal remuneration, either in money or in shares, for such promotion. The case stands part heard.

Adelaide Advertiser, Wed 27 Mar 1907, p 7. A SKATING-RINK CASE. BREACH OF AGREEMENT. Meboume, March 26. An action in relation to an alleged breach of agreement in connection with the refrigerating machinery business carried on at the Gladarium was concluded in the Banco Court to-day. The plaintiff Charles McDonald, and the defendant Henry Newman Reid, of the Melbourne Ice Skating and Refrigerating Company. The case for the plaintiff, a manufacturer of machinery, carrying on business in Sydney and Adelaide, was that he entered into an agreement with the defendant, Reid, under which the latter was to act as his general manager. It was part of the duty of the defendant to use his influence in promoting and assisting in the formation of syndicates or companies for ice refrigerating or cold storage purposes. During the time Reid was in the plaintiff's employ he assisted in the promotion of the Melbourne Ice Skating Company, and prepared plans and specifications for such purposes. Reid was to receive 2,000 fully-paid-up shares in the defendant company. A dedaration was sought that the shares in question were the plaintiff's property, or that they were acquired by Reid as trustee or agent for the plaintiff. The defendant denied that he was bound by his agreement to give the whole of his time to the plaintiff's affairs. The Chief Justice found that the plaintiff's view of the case was a right one. The defendant, at any rate, had not satisfied him that his version of the affair was correct. He therefore found for the plaintiff and ordered that the shares in question be given up to him.

Adelaide Advertiser, Wed 25 Sep 1907, p 7. THE GLACIARIUM SHARE CASE. Melbourne, September 24. In the High Court to-day, judgment was give on the appeal over the Glaciarium shares. In the original action, the plaintiff was Charles Macdonald, of Sydney and Adelaide, and the defendants were Henry Newman Reid and the Melbourne Ice Skating and Refrigeration Company. It was alleged that the plaintiff entered into an agreement with Reid, under which the latter was to act as general manager, and that it was part of Reid's duty to use his influence in promoting the formation of syndicates for ice refrigerating or cold storage purposes. During the time Reid was in the plaintiff's employ he assisted in the promotion of the Melbourne Ice Skating Company and prepared plans and specifications. Reid was to receive 2,000 fully paid-up shares and 1,500 were allotted to him. The plaintiff sought a declaration, that the shares were his property. The defence was that the plaintiff was at liberty to devote a portion of his time and abilities for his own benefit, and that he was entitled to keep the shares. The Chief Justice gave a verdict in favor of thel plaintiff, and the defendant appealed against that decision on the ground that it was against the evidence. The High Court gave judgment unanimously in favour of the appellants. The defendant's contention that he waa not bound to give the whole of his time to the plaintiff's affairs and that he could engage in other work was upheld. When Reid undertook the supervision and erection of a glaci arium he was, the court found, acting in a capacity other than that of a servant of the plaintiff, and he accepted the shares as remuneration for the work so performed. The decision was come to by the court that it was no part of the defendant's agreement with the plaintiff that he was to hand over the shares and the defendant was therefore entitled to hold them. The judgement of the court below was discharged.

[350] Adelaide Advertiser, Sat 27 Apr 1907, p 12.

[351] Adelaide Advertiser, 1, 11, 27 May 1907 (pp. 10, 11 and 12 respectively). Adelaide Glaciarium ice rink still operating. Professor Brewer returns from Switzerland as instructor, described as "the (professional) champion ice skater of the world". Hockey match on ice between "picked members" of the rowing Associations of Australia. One mile handicap race won by G H Nightingale (27 May 1907).

[352] Adelaide Advertiser, Tue 11 Feb 1908 p 9. Horace Turner, proprietor of the South Yarra Skating Rink, Melbourne secured five year lease of former Adelaide Glaciarium Ice Palace building and converted it to roller rink with an asphalt floor. Opened 29 Feb 1908.

[353] Adelaide Advertiser, Sat 16 Dec 1911, p 5. Kinemacolor pictures at the Melbourne Glaciarium continue to arouse admiration. The principal sights of Paris, with the Bois de Boulogne and the Jardin de Tuileries, with its playing fountains and wonderful avenues of trees, were included.

[354] Adelaide Advertiser, Mon 2 May 1904, p 7. Part transcript: The Jubilee Exhibition Skating Rink. A "boom" in rinking has evidently set in.... During the present week Professor Cladwell, the champion roller skater of Australia, with two accomplished ldy rinkists, whose services as teachers have been secured, will come to Adelaide....

[355] Adelaide Advertiser, Wed 28 Sep 1904, p 10. Part transcript: Police Court-Adelaide. Henry Alfred Gerner was charged on the information of John Charles Gerald Caldwell, manager of the Ice Skating Rink, with having stolen a pair of skates...

[356] Adelaide Advertiser, Fri 9 Sep 1904 p 8. Transcript: ICE SKATING RINK. The new Ice Skating Rink at the old Cyclorama was opened for business on Wednesday, a free night on Tuesday having inaugurated the season. There was a good attendance, the house being full in the evening. The floor is not in quite perfect order owing to the difficulty of keeping the expansion within assigned limits, but each day will see improvement. A large number of skaters, many of whom graduated in the Exhibition Rink, occupied the ñoor, while many others watched proceedings from the comfortable seats provided. The management have spared no expense in the arrangements, and ice skating bids fair to become as popular as roller skating.

[357] Adelaide Advertiser, Fri 3 Jun 1904, p 6. Establishes H Newman Reid as the originator of the ice rink idea. Copy of original newsprint in "Dunbar Poole" biography of main body.

[358] Adelaide Advertiser, Tue 2 Aug 1904 p 4. Ice Skating. Cites Adelaide Glaciarium as a 115 by 84 ft oval, and compares it with Prince's Rink in London, England, and the famous Cercle des Patineurs rink in Paris, France. Copy of original newsprint in "Dunbar Poole" biography of main body.

[359] Adelaide Advertiser, Mon 21 May 1906 p 7. Part transcript: Ice Skating. There was another capital attendance a the Ice Palace Skating Rink on Saturday evening, and the popularity of the rink is evidently on the increase. Two special attractions were presented, one a keenly contested hockey match, and the other an exceptionally fine exhibition of fancy; skating by Professor Brewer, whose departure for Melbourne is not far distant. The hockey teams were captained by Professor Caldwell and Brewer, the latter's division gaining the victory by one goal to one point. Mr. C. Barker acted as umpire, and prominent amongst the players were Smith, Dyer, Parker, and Read (sic, probably Reid). The ice was in splendid condition, and large numbers of skaters were upon it.

[360] Adelaide Advertiser, Mon 28 Jun 1909, p 2. Advertisement. Transcript: Skating at Norwood At the Academy of Music, Kensington Terrace. Opening Night Tuesday June 29, 7.30, Admission 1/-. Exhibition fancy skating by Professor Caldwell Every Afternoon and Evening (Monday and Thursday excepted). Admission 6d. Skates for hire.

[361] Adelaide Advertiser, Mon 30 Apr 1906 p 8. Transcript: ICE PALACE SKATING RINK. A crowded house gathered at the Glaciarium to witness the first hockey match of the season. Professor Brewer and Profesor Caldwell captained the teams. The play was fast, but there was evidence of want of practice. Professor Brewer's team were the winners, Langley making the three goals; the one goal obtained by Professor Caldwell's team was scored by Parker, but the feature of the game was decidedly the brilliant play of H. Smith and H. Dyer. The poster carnival advertised for Wednesday night promises to be a great success. To-night Professor Brewer will give another of his interesting and clever exhibitions.

[362] Adelaide Advertiser, Fri 14 Oct 1904 p 2. Transcript: ROLLER-SKATING IN ADELAIDE. Some years ago an enterprising Yankee made several thousand pounds by converting the Jubilee Exhibition for some months into an extensive roller-skating rink. A Perth resident has now arranged to lease the building for four months - May, June, July, and August - for a similar purpose, and intends to conduct operations on a large scale. Over 3,000 pairs of skates have been purchased, and expert roller-skaters of Melbourne will be engaged to act as instructors. In connection with the opening night 2,000 invitations are to be issued. Carpenters were at work at the Exhibition on Thursday repairing and planng the splendid flooring boards that were put down by the original, American promoter ol the scheme. A railing has also been erected round the spacer reserved for skating The noise made by the busy workmen, however, is having a distressing effect upon the nerves of the officers of the Agricultural Department. Sounds of hammering echo over their heads all day, their offices being separated from the main building by an 8 ft. high wooden partition, which extends only about one-third of the way to the roof. Their troubles when skating is in full swing in the winter months are likely to be considerably greater.

[363] The Advertiser, Tue 15 May 1906, p 8. A PRESENTATION. - Mr. H. Newman Reid, who has relinquished the position of manager of the Ice and Cold Storage Company, to take up an important engagement in Melbourne, was entertained on Saturday afternoon by the employees of the company and a few friends. The chair was taken by Sir. Colin Stewart, who voiced the good wishes of the gathering. Mr. J Kennedy, on behalf of the subscribers, presented Mr. Reid with a handsome gold watch.

[364] The Advertiser, Adelaide, SA, Wed 25 Jan 1911, p p 10-11. The Rev. John Reid, M.A., well-known in South Australia as an eloquent and brilliant preacher and lecturer, died last week. Mr. Reid was born at Leven, Fife shire, and educated at Newton College, and the Edinburgh University, and he arrived in Australia over 40 years ago. He was tutor to Lord Rosebery, and for number of years dramatic critic for a leading Scottish paper. He was lecturer for the Palestine Exploration Society, and lectured before Dean Stanley and other notable men at Oxford. For many years he was professor of church history and philosophy at the Congregational College for the Training of Ministers. He was one of the first and most widely known lecturers in connection with the University extension movements, both in Adelaide and Melbourne, his lectures on Shakespeare (on whose writings he was a foremost authority in Australia) created so much interest that he was despatched by the University extension committee to deliver courses of lectures on Shakespeare's plays in the leading country centres. Together with the late Professor Morris and the late Dr. Neild (says the "Argus"), he was one of the founders of the Melbourne Shakespeare Society, of which he was secretary for many years. He was also one of the trustees of the Melbourne Public Library, and occupied a seat on the council of the Working Men's College for some years. From his earliest days he took a very active part in literary work, acting as correspondent for a number of English papers and journals. He was a regular contributor to the Melbourne Periodical and for many years he was actively engaged in scholastic work. He was the elder and only brother of the late Mr. Robert Reid. He had lived in retirement for the last few years. He left a widow, three sons, and six daughters., Mr. W. E. Reid and Mr. H. Newman Reid are well-known Melbourne business men, and Mr. Edward Crichton Reid is a resident of Dunedin.

[365] Adelaide Advertiser, Mon 1 Jun 1903, p 10. Transcript: ICE AND COLD STORAGE COMPANY. Mr. Newman Reid, the general manager of the Adelaide lce and Cold Storage Company, which, for several seasons past has been shipping several thousands of carcases of frozen sheep and lambs, besides large quantities of rabbits, to London, showed a representative of The Advertiser over the premises at Light-square on Saturday morning. The large "Hercules" ammonia direct expansion 70-ton refrigerating machinery was working almost as smoothly and noisie lessly as clock-work. It is intended shortly to enlarge the compressor from 70 to 85 tons refrigeration. The patentee of this machinery is Mr. C. A. MacDonald, a Scotchman, who went to America in early life and took a leading part in the erection of refrigerating machinery there. The works in Adelaide belong to him. Ninety per cent of the whole of the freezing machinery in Australasia consists of the patent plants supplied by this firm, which has also been erecting works in South' Africa of a value of about £100,000. The company now intends expanding its business in Adelaide. It has secured the services of one of the most expert men in poultry matters from Victoria, and purposes shipping large quantities of first-quality birds to Europe. The poultry are "got up" in an attractive way before being placed in the cold chambers. Fish salerooms are to be established at Light-square, the services of Mr. J. Wiseman, who is well-known in this trade, having been secured. A cold storage room for the keeping of fish has been erected. The first-sale is to take place on Thursday next. On entering one of the rooms at Light square on Saturday 70 tons of ice was seen, and Mr. Reid said, "This is only our winter supply, and of course it is not nearly so large as the quantity we have in the summer." He added that ice was merely a by- product of the company, being made by a condensation of the steam used in driving the engine.

[366] Adelaide Advertiser, Mon 6 May 1907, p 10. Transcript: ICE-SKATING RINK. There was a record attendance at the Ice Skating Rink on Saturday evening, when Professor Brewer gave an exhibition of fancy skating. Professor Brewer has recently returned from Switzerland, where he won a medal, and his clever and graceful movements on Saturday were much appreciated by the large audience. A complete master of the art in all its branches, Professor Brewer is of course a long way ahead of any amateur performer, but visitors to the rink must be impressed by the wonderful progress made by many of the enthusiastic ice skaters who were first introduced to the ice in Adelaide. Some have attained such skill that they give in quite a casual way exhibitions of figure skating so fine that on a roller rink only the most accomplished professional could equal them. There could be no better proof of the immense superiority of the ice as a skating surface to any artificial substitute. The sport is growing in popularity, and deservedly so, since it is at once artistic and exhilarating. A good programme has been arranged for tonight, when members of the various Australian rowing clubs will be present.

[367] The Morning Call, newspaper, San Francisco, Sat 22 Nov 1890, p 2. Transcript: GRAND FETE NIGHT. A Mile Race on Skates at the Olympian Club Rink. Next Tuesday night will be a grand fete night at the Olympian Club rink in the Mechanics' Pavilion. That evening there will be a one-mile race on skates between J. Waldstein, the champion speed skater of California, and A. N. Ridgely of the Olympian Club. The result of this race will make a new race record for the Pacific Coast. On this occasion Aginton, the monarch of all roller skaters, will illustrate a few special steps in artistic skating. (Also see accompanying advertisement in biography of "Robert Jackson".

[368] The Advertiser, Mon 11 June 1906, p 5. ICE SKATING. Melbourne's first ice rink was opened yesterday at Prince's Bridge, and it attracted a large number of people. The new venture is known as the Glaciarium and £40,000 has been put into it.

[369] A Black Man's Toronto, Harry Gairey, From: Polyphony Summer, 1984 pp. 237-239, Multicultural History Society of Ontario. After Jamaican-born Gairey's son was refused admittance to the Iclandia rink in Toronto in 1945, on the ground that he was "coloured", Gairey arranged a meeting at City Hall. Part transcript: I said, "Now it would be all right if the powers that be refused my son admission to the Icelandia, I would accept it, if when the next war comes, you're going to say, 'Harry Gairey, you're Black, you stay here, don't go to war.' But, your Worship and gentlemen of the council, it's not going to be that way, you're going to say he's a Canadian and you'll conscript him. And if so, I would like my son to have everything that a Canadian citizen is entitled to, providing he's worthy of it. Thank you, gentlemen of the council." I think it was in the paper the following day; students from the University of Toronto picketed the place. And it was the first time that the City Council made an ordinance that they must not discriminate because of race, creed, colour or religion. I was the man that caused that ordinance to be passed, with the help of the good White people of Toronto. That was one of the first incidents that happened in the City of Toronto. The rink had to go out of business. It was in all the papers, in France and the United States also...."

A Black Man's Toronto: Online Related Article in The Star newspaper in 2009: Online

[370] The Advertiser, Wed 5 Jul 1905, p10. THE ICE SKATING RINK. The hockey match which was played at the Glaciarium on Monday evening between teams representing G. & R. Wills & Co., and Harris Scarfe, & Co., proved a success, and resulted in a win for Harris Scarfe, and Co. by four goals to nil. This evening teams representing England and Australia will meet on the ice. The following are the players:-England-Swanson, Barker, Poole, Knight, Watts, Osendale. Australia-Parker, Clutterbuck, Hosking, Nightingale, Butler, Part. This match is expected to prove an exceptionally good one, and is attracting a great deal of interest.

[371] The Advertiser, Sat 16 Jun 1906, p 5. ICE PALACE SKATING RINK. The association hockey matches being played this season at the Glaciarium are increasing in popular favor, and on Thursday evening the supporters of the rival teams met in force and frequently applauded during the game. Elder Smith's team made their first appearance on the ice against Harris Scarfe, who won the tournament last season. As was expected Harris Scarfe proved too strong, securing 5 goals to nil. Staples scored four goals and Champness one; but Eider Smiths, with more practice and better placing of the men, will no doubt improve. Bray, Gibson, and Grist showed a good knowledge of the game, and played well for the losing side. This morning children will be admitted free to the rink, and to-night a football match will be played on the ice between the North Pole team, captained by H Smith, and the South Pole, captained by G. Nightingale.

[372] The Advertiser, Mon 16 July 1906, p 10. THE GLACIARIUM. Saturday was a busy day on the ice. Many school children avail themselves now of the morning's cheap fun, and the numbers increase each week. For with children, as with adults, it is only necessary to get them on to the skates once, and the fascination of the exercise brings them again. At night the attendance was large, both on the floor and around it. A hockey match, between the rink staff and combined players evoked excitement. The game resulted in a draw, as neither team scored. This is the first occasion in the history of hockey on the ice in Adelaide that such an unusual event has been recorded. It was brought about largely by the even standard of proficiency displayed and by determined efforts of the defenders at each end. Afterwards the prizes awarded at the Glaciarium carnival on Wednesday night were distributed by Mr. H. H. Bowden, captain of the Scotch College football team, whose members have spent their spare tlme during the week in learning to skate before returning to Melbourne.

[373] The Advertiser, 19 Aug 1912, p 8. The Canadian Cadets. Standing Shoulder to Shoulder. Original copy included in "The Young Reids".

[374] The Advertiser, 13 Sep 1912, p 16. Transcript: Canadian Hockey Players. The Canadian All-Star Ice Hockey Team are planning to tour Australia in March next. Also see Advertiser 26 Aug 1912 p, 10: Canadian Cadets. Pleasure at Treatment in Melbourne. and Fri 16 Aug 1912, p 12: The Canadian Cadets. A Civic Welcome in Melbourne.

[375] The Advertiser, Sat 10 Sep 1910, p 13. Traveling Cadets. Vancouver, September 9. The Victorian military cadets who have been touring Great Britain, Canada and the United States are now at Vancouver. They will sail for Australia by the steamer Zealandia. While in Canada the Australians were the guests of the Canadian Cadets.

[376] Conversations with Beryl Black (née Lamb, née Vesely), Melbourne, Aug 2009. Also see source 378.

[377] Handbook of the National Ice Skating Association (NISA) of Australia, Melbourne, c 1920. Beryl Black Archive (Source 378).

[378] Beryl Black Archive. The foremost collection of historical photographs, documents and memorabilia on Australian ice sports, which includes the Jack G Gordon collection. Born Beryl Lamb, Beryl Black's first husband was ice hockey player Ivo Vesely.

[379] Maclurcan, Hannah (1860–1936), by Beverley Kingston, Australian Dictionary of Biography, Supplementary Volume, Melbourne University Press, 2005, pp 253-254. Online

[380] IEEE Global History Network, Callsign History - Australia, web site, 2009. Online

[381] The Argus Tue 30 May 1933 p10, Women's Realm and Social News, full transcript in Enders & Cambridge biography.

[382] The Argus Tue 15 May 1934 p10, Arrivals on the Maloja, full transcript in Enders & Cambridge biography.

[383] The Argus Thu 2 Jul 1936 p 17. Ice Skating Display. World Champions at Glaciarium. Full transcript in Enders & Cambridge biography.

[384] Garry Acton, son of Ben Acton, email dated 26/10/2011. Transcript:

I am thrilled to hear from you.  I have just spoken to Dad to clarify a couple of points. Dad was born on 12 July 1927. His father was Clifford James Acton.  Cliff was the Trainer when Dad was the Captain and Coach of the Wildcats. (I have a photo of this team which includes, Dad, Grandfather and the Wildcats Team) The details are correct regarding Dad's Grandfather Benjamin Acton. Dad was born in  Footscray Hospital and lived with his the family at 11 Droop Street.

In 1960 Dad was nominated at the Olympic Filed Hockey Captain to participate in Rome and of course the Olympic Ice Hockey Captain that participated in Squaw Valley.  Due to a lack of finances (being a plumber) he could only afford to participate in one event.  There is a news paper clipping photographing an unshaven Ben Acton tossing a coin to make his decision.  Of course there was never any choice really, Dad's first love was Ice Hockey.

I always remember attending the 25th Ice Hockey Reunion in Melbourne with Dad and Julius (Judy) Patching praising Dad's efforts.  Judy said, "I have seen many Olympic Champions over the years.  Dawn Fraser, Herb Elliott, Ron Clark  to name a few but I have never seen anyone like Ben.  He would attend an Australian Field Hockey Training  session and immediately drive to the Olympic Ice Hockey  Training session and participate there as well." We believe that Dad is the only person in the world who has represented his country in both Field Hockey and Ice Hockey.

[385] Footscray Hockey Club, 10 Fogarty Ave, Yarraville, web site. Online

[386] Unidentified Newspaper, Melbourne, 1960. Article: "Acton's Champ at Either Kind of Hockey" by Ken Knox.

[387] The Footscray Advertiser, Thu 4 Feb 1960. Article: "Will Lead Aust. at Olympic Ice Hockey"

[388] The West Australian, Sat 2 Dec 1950, p 35. Advertisement: Ice Palais Ltd, Beaufort Street near Perth Railway Station, Under Special Contract to Ice Palais for Short Season, MISS MIREYLEES REID, Sydney's Foremost Teacher, Private Lessons Book Now.

[389] The Argus, Sat 2 Mar 1956, p 18. Transcript: REID. — (Suddenly) In Sydney, Mireylees, loving daughter of the late Henry Newman and Lucy Reid and sister of Andrew, Hal, and Leslie (all deceased), and loving aunt of Andrew and Airdrie.

The Argus, Thu 30 Oct 1947, p 10. Transcript: REID—LARSON — Airdrie, only daughter of Mrs Reid, Elwood st., Brighton, and the late Hal N. Reid, to Vernon Douglas, only child of Dr and Mrs H O Larson, Rock Hill, St Louis, Missouri, USA.

The Argus, Melbourne, Tue 16 Dec 1947, p 8. The Life of Melbourne. Transcript: CABLE NEWS from America of the marriage of Airdrie Reed to Vernon Larson at the Chapel of Grace, Grace Cathedral, San Francisco, on December 6. Airdrie, who is the daughter of Mrs Hal Reid, of Elwood st, Brighton, left Australia in the Marine Phoenix in November, and since then has been staying with Mrs Phillip Coxon in San Francisco. It was at latter's home that reception was held, candles set in tall silver candlesticks providing the only illumination, and silver bowls of white stocks decorating the table.

The Argus, Tue 24 August 1954 p 14. Transcript: LARSON (Airdrie Reid). — On August 20, at St Louis, Missouri, USA, to the wife of Vernon D Larson — a daughter

The Argus, Friday 18 March 1938, p 14. Transcript: Intermediate Certificate ... Reid Airdrie M (St CT)... (St Catherines School)

[390] Baue Funeral & Memorial Centre, USA, Transcript: Vernon D. Larson, Born in Colfax, WI on Jul. 29, 1919, Departed on Jun. 26, 2008 and resided in Washington, MO. Graveside Service: Monday, Jul. 14, 2008, 10:15 am Cemetery: Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery (near St Louis)

Vernon D. Larson, of Washington, Missouri, formerly of St. Louis, died on Thursday, June 26, 2008 at the age of 88. Beloved husband of Airdrie M. Larson; father of Vicki Burton, Sue Heitz and Robert Larson; grandfather of Heather Wood, Brittany Burton, Ashley Burton; great-grandfather of Jagger Wood. Online

Vernon attended LSU and Texas prior to World War II; during the war he was a Naval Medical Service Corpsman assigned to the First Marine Division; he met Airdrie in Melbourne, Australia, following the battle on Guadalcanal. He graduated from Washington University in St. Louis and from Southern College of Optometry in Memphis.

He was a long-time optometrist in the downtown St. Louis ophthalmological practice of Doctors William Lewin M.D. and Clyde Milster M.D. Vernon retired from the U.S. Navy as a Lieutenant Commander.

[391] The Argus, Mon 30 March 1942, p 2. Transcript: Deaths... REID.— On March 27 (Suddenly) Henry Newman, son of Henry Newman and Lucy Reid, Sydney.

The Argus, 13 May 1942 p 2. Transcript: Deaths... REID.-On March 29 (suddenly), Hal N. Reid, brother of late Lieut Andrew Reid (killed at Messines) and Leslie (AIF died in Sydney) both of Victoria, father of Andrew and Airdrie beloved son of H Newman and Tllly Reid of Kent road, Rose Bay.

[392] St Kilda Historical Society Newsletter Issue no 197, June-July 2009, PO Box 177, Balaclava

[393] The Sydney Morning Herald, 27 July 1910, p 13. Transcript: THE GLACIARIUM At the Glaciarium where the regular sessions are being largely attended, the interstate ice tournament will be continued to-night with the second hockey match, Victoria v New South Wales, when a renewal of Saturday's excitement is anticipated. The third and last match is fixed for Friday. Thc grand fancy costume Ice Carnival, with spectacular pageants, processions, evolutions, and decorated sleighs, will take place on Thursday August 11. The second meeting of the interstate competitors (Victoria v New South Wales) for the honour of the ice took place at the Glaciarium on Monday. The mile Interstate championship proved an easy thing for the visitors, Mr. Hal Reid winning by overlapping the other three competitors, his brother (Mr. A. Reid) leading the rear group. Messrs. R. Jackson and Keith Walker came first and second respectively in the half-mile visitors handicap, and Mr. W. H. Smith won the same distance local handicap.

[394] The Sydney Morning Herald, Mon 15 Aug 1932, p 6. Transcript: OBITUARY. MR. L. H. REID. Mr Leslie Herbert Reid, who died at a private hospital on Thursday, aged 39 years, was born In Brighton, Victoria, and educated at Melbourne Grammar School During the Great War he served for three years with No. 3 Squadron of the Australian Flying Corps, and returned to this State in 1919. Up to the time of his death he was managing director of Galvanised Products, Ltd, Glebe. Mr Reid, who was unmarried, was a well known ice skater and ice-hockey player, having played for both Victoria and New South Wales between the years 1912 and 1926. He was also interested in yachting and golf, and was a member of the Concord Golf Club. The remains were privately Interred at South Head Cemetery on Saturday. The Rev. E. Shipley conducted the service at the graveside.

[395] The Sydney Morning Herald, Sat 15 Nov 1924, p 19. Transcript: Company News. The following now companies have been registered, shares being of the value of £1 each: ... Galvanised Products, Ltd. Capital, £15,000. To carry out tho business of sheet metal manufacturers, etc. First directors: H. N. Reid, J. E. Goodall, and L. H. Reid.

[396] Greater Victoria Sports Hall of Fame, Victoria's Hockey History, Online

[397] Email, 22 Dec 2011, Hugues Baillett, France. Transcript: I'm writting the article about Thomas Dunderdale in french wikipedia and I found your great page. However, there is a slight mistake when you wrote:  "In the 1913–14 season, Victoria Aristocrats challenged Quebec Bulldogs for the Stanley Cup and, although they won the series, the Cup trustees did not accept their challenge." The Aristocrats played, and won, in 1912-1913 vs Quebec but it was only exhibitions games. In 1913-1914, the played vs. Toronto Blueshirts. The Cup trustees dit not accept the challenge but, at last, it doesn't matter a lot because Toronto won all the 3 games. Reference: Dan Diamond, Total Hockey: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Hockey League, Total Sports, 1998, 1879 p. (ISBN 978-0836271140) (page 36)

[398] Cape Breton's Magazine, Issue 34, p 6. World War One Continues: Nursing-Sisters in England and France, Published by Ronald Caplan on 1983/7/31. Copy of p 6 at link "Helen at war" in main biography of Jim Kendall.

[399] Norway men's national ice hockey team, Wikipedia, quoting Langholm, Dag (1984), Norsk ishockey gjennom 50 år. p 97. Online

[400] Allan Palmer's History of Streatham Ice Hockey, Allan Palmer, Streathem Dream Team, Online

[401] The Argus, Mon 27 Aug 1888 p 14, PROSPECTUS. The ICE and ROLLER SKATING RINK And ICE SUPPLY COMPANY LIMITED. East Melbourne. Copy at link "East Melbourne Ice Rink Prospectus" below introduction to First Builders Next Wave. Advertisement published numerous times from Aug 16.

Kilmore Free Press, Thursday 30 August 1888, p 15. Transcript: ...we are to have a novelty here in the shape of an ice rink - a real ice-rink. Melbourne hardly knows what ice is, except en. bloc for edible purpose, and skating on it will be a new experience for our young colonials. A certain Rev. Mr. Macartney has lately uttered a most scathing diatribe on Skating rinks in general, calling them sinks of iniquity, worse than music-halls, dancing saloons, and so on. But notwithstanding the reverend gentleman's outbreak, the sinks seem to be as much frequented as ever and I dare say this new one will have its full share of patronage. Tihe prospectus poetically describes the ice-floor as one "that will enable young Australia to realize the invigorating fields of ice on which, their fathers skated" though how one does realize a field I don't see...

[402] Sydney Morning Herald, Wed 3 Aug 1938 p 20. Transcript: ICE HOCKEY COMPETITION SUSPENDED. The New South Wales Ice Hockey Association has decided to suspend its competition this week and next week, during the absence of the State team and the speed-skating side in Melbourne for the Interstate series agalrist Victoria.The state team will leave Sydney on Thursday by cars, and will meet Victoria In the first match on Saturday night. The second match will be played on August 8, and the third on August 10. Mr. Harry Holmes, formerly a leading player in the American leagues, and now manager of the Cleveland arena, will accompany the team to Melbourne. He is on a visit here to gain knowledge of the standard of play, with the object of possibly returning next season with two professional American teams.

[403] Sydney Morning Herald, Fri 11 Nov 1938 p 4. Transcript: Mrs E J Kendall of Edgecliff, who will leave to-day for America in the Monterey. While there she will see her son, Mr Bill Kendall, the well-known swimmer, who is on vacation from Harvard University. Photo by Dayne.

[404] The Advertiser, Adelaide, Wed 3 June 1936, p 9. Part Transcript: Stated to be the youngest skating gold medallist in the world, Daphne Walker, who is 11, arrived at Fremantle yesterdav with her teacher and trainer Mr. A. Enders and Mrs. Enders. They are passengers for Sydney on the Mooltan. Mrs. Enders whose professional name is Miss Sadie Cambridge, and her husband have recently won for the fifth time to succession, the pair skating championship of the world. To be a gold medallist was the highest achievement in figure skating, Mr Enders said. The child started skating when she was seven, under his training, and was now being trained for the next European and world championships, for after she celebrates her twelth birthday she will be allowed to compete in all championships ... Both Australians, Mr. and Mrs, Enders make periodical visits to London, where Mr. Enders teaches and produces ice ballets at the Queen's Ice Skating Club. Their return was due to the illness of Mrs. Enders's mother. Mrs. E. Cambridge. They will give exhibitions during their five weeks stay in Australia, at the Sydney Glaciarium. They will then visit South Africa to give exhibitions at the new ice skating rink built for the Empire Exhibition at Johannesburg.

[405] The Sydney Morning Herald, Thursday 28 February 1929, p 12. Transcript: MR. G. S. BUZACOTT SUDDEN DEATH. Mr. George Sydney Buzacott, a partner of the Sydney stockbroking firm of Buzacott and McKeown, and a member of the Sydney Stock Exchange, collapsed and died in a Coogee-bound tramcar last evening while returning to his home at Randwick. Mr. Buzacott, who was 70 years of age, was one of the best-known figures on the Sydney Stock Exchange, of which he had been a member for more than 30 years. He was also a member of the Union Club.

The Sydney Morning Herald, Saturday 2 March 1929, p 21. Transcript: OBITUARY. MR. G. S. V. BUZACOTT The funeral of Mr. George Sydney Vernon Buzacott took place yesterday morning from his late residence, Ventnor, Avoca-street, Randwick, where a service was conducted by the Rev. Canon Cakebread, who also officiated at the grave in Waverley Cemetery. Mr. Buzacott was one of the oldest members of the Sydney Stock Exchange, a prominent official of the Australian Jockey Club, and a member of both the Union and Tattersall's Clubs. The chief mourners were Mr. A. W. Buzacott (brother), Mr. M. S. Buzacott (nephew), and Mr. P. W. Shaw (brother-in-law). Others present included Messrs. C. W. Crop- per, G. F. Martin, and R. T, Remington (re-presenting Australian Jockey Club), Dr. Dick, Captain Walker, Messrs, J. C. McKeown, G. G.Kiss, J. A, Kiss, J. R. Hardie, Keith Hardie, Cecil Kiss, H. F. Sendey, W. Gordon Dixon, E. A. C. Carloss, E. J. Sievers, W. B. Doust, E. J. Gardiner, E. W. Buzacott, W. V. Buzacott, Arthur Hardy, H. Woolnough, Russell Robberds, S. Robberds, B. Smith, H. M. Shelley, C. H. Pearson, F. W. R. Braddock, W. T. Brunton, H. W. Apperly, F. C. Steel, V. A. Brownhlll, A. H. North, J. A. North, F. O. Furner, E. G. Blakemore, V. A. B. Willis, J. R. Legoe, A. L. Mullens, F. L. Rolin, F. W. A. Eagar, A. E. Brown, C. L. Garland, W. B. Jones, Frank Jones, A. B. S. White, H. Lloyd, C. F. W. Lloyd, Norman Pope, C. H. Crammond, C. H. Hughes, Stuart Dobbie, R. B. Asher, W. G. Blaxland, E. W. Culver, J. M. Forsyth. W. G. Forsyth, S. R. Charles, H. L. Massie, W. Hinton, A. E. Flecknoe, Sydney Evans, J. G. Palmer, Clive Brown-hill, Joseph Palmer, W. E. Bain, A. D. Bain, A. M. Shannon, W. K. Yuill, C. Degenhardt, C. R. Cran, E. O. Jones, Ken. G. Richards, C. Minter, P. Pring, F. Bligh, H. J. Malmgrom, E. Gee, E. G. Ineson, Alex. Walker, J. C. Bragg, and W. Mack Walker. The Australian Jockey Club, Tattersall's Club, the members of the Sydney Stock Exchange, the Australian Golf Club, Randwick Red Cross Society, Lady Storey, General Jobson, and many others sent wreaths.

[405] The Minter Exchange, Minter Family Genealogy, Clifford and George Minter

[406] Wodonga and Towong Sentinel, Fri 28 Apr 1944, p 1. Stars of the Air: Kathleen Goodall is a Serious Artist at Heart, full copy of original newsprint included with John Goodall bio.

[407] The Maritime Heritage Project, website, Last visited June 2012, Harbour Masters page, Transcript: 1862 to 1865, Captain Charles Miner Goodall, Harbor Master Income: $3,000/pa. Entry is for Capt. Charles Goodall Sr not his son Charles Miner Goodall (1850-1922) Online

[408] Spokane Daily Chronicle, 13 Jul 1899, p 1 of 8. Transcript: Captain Goodall Dies in England, Pioneer Shipping man of Pacific Coast Dies at an Advanced Age. San Francisco, July 13. — A cablegram was received here today announcing the death at Draycott, England, of Captain Charles Goodall, of the firm of Goodall Perkins & Co, the pioneer shipping firm of this coast and controlling the Pacific Coast Steamship Company, whose vessels ply between all the large ports on the Pacific Coast including Alaska. Captain Goodall was about 75 years of age. A few years ago he married a comparatively young woman and with his wife went to Europe. Reports received from England were to the effect that he had been declining rapidly of late. His fortune is an immense one.

[409] Email from David Clover, Oxford, UK, 17 Sep 2012. I was looking at this web page earlier today, Section start: THOMAS JAMES WEST ( – ), and found a reference to TJ West the film exhibitor. The paragraph perpetuates some confusion with that of AJ West – who was a different person and ran a quite separate and distinct operation called ‘Our Navy’. T J West was definitely not a Director of ‘West's Our Navy’. This was a confusion that dogged Alfred West through the 1897-1912 period when he was exhibiting films in the UK and Australia. In his unpublished autobiography (1936), he writes:
“A few years after I started, I was surprised to receive letters from people in a provincial town asking why I did not show the same pictures there as were shown in London. I subsequently found that a film show had been organised under the title of “West’s Pictures” by a Mr. T.J.West, who had previously run a “Modern Marvel Co.”, and his programmes were made up from films obtained from film dealers. This caused considerable confusion as far as my show was concerned, and even at the present time he is sometimes credited with having been the founder of “Our Navy”. Mistakes sometimes arise, and I think that it is only fair to myself that I should mention this.”
T J West also acknowledged the confusion and he freely confirmed in his promotional material that he had no connection with A J West and ‘Our Navy’. ‘West’ is indeed a common surname in Australia, but anything you can do to separate the two names more effectively in your short and interesting article would be most helpful. You can read more about A J West at and on Wikipedia at
I am researching a talk about A J West at the moment which I’m giving on October 3rd in the very London cinema where it all began in 1898 which is how I found your article. I’ve noticed that a lot of Australian (and NZ) newpspares from the period have now been scanned and digitised so there is plenty to find from your sources there now. West’s ‘Our Navy’ toured Australia extensively in 1901 led by Mr Snazelle and then later on West’s own touring staff. Alfred West’s Great Grandson, Simon West, lives in Victoria.

[410] The Argus, Friday 17 October 1952, p 11. Transcript: RAIDERS SET FOR ICE WIN By MAX CRITTENDEN Raiders are “odds-on” favorites to defeat Pirates in the ice-hockey premiership at St. Moritz rink tonight. Pirates won their way to the grand final with a protest win against Raiders on Friday night, on the grounds that Raiders had played an ineligible man. Raiders had won the match 3-1. Raiders overcame the biggest obstacle to the final by defeating Monarchs on Tuesday night in the preliminary final. It was expected that the Monarchs with their Canadian drawcard, Bud Mac Eanhern, the driving force for Victoria in the Interstate series, would prove too good for Pirates. Raiders have headed the list throughout the season, suffering only one defeat by Golden Bears. Pirates, second on the list, lost four games - three to Raiders. Champion Pirate goalie, Clarrie King, has been placed on the defence line, and will be switched at half time only if Pirates are down. He saved 40 shots at goal from Raiders in their last tussle, and he could help Pirates to cause an upset. Teams are: RAIDERS: Jan Kursweil, Tommy Endrie ( Capt), Geoff Henke, Russell Jones, Miro Roznetinzky, Carol Martin, Kevin Sheehan (goalie), Ivor Lyell, Ivan Vesely, Colin Fraps. PIRATES: Frank Krista, Frank Malosek, Clarrie King, Nowl Stewart, Johnny Nicholas (capt), Graham Argue, Jimmy Carolan, Cliff Percy, George Endrei, Emal Majesuk, Vic Ekberg.

[411] Sports Novels, July 1948, All-Australian Ice Hockey Team Chosen, by Ron Casey. Full transcript held.

[412] The Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, Wed 30 Jul 1947, p 10.

[413] Obituary for Russell Jones, Paul Rice, Secretary, Demons Ice Hockey Club website, 2012

[414] The Daily Telegraph, 2 Oct 2012, by Jamie Pandaram, "Western Sydney Wanderers find football origins in Parramatta". Retrieved 2 October 2012.

[415] The Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, Thu 9 May 1950, p 12. Mirey Reid interview.

[416] The History of Ice Skating. Out of print. Fred and Joan Dean, editors of Ice and Roller Skating Magazine, England. Online Part Transcript: It was not until 1911, however, that a figure-skating association to govern the sport was formed, and this body promptly proceeded to hold championships for men and ladies, as well as for waltzing on ice. H. Newman-Reid won the mens, Miss Mireylees Reid the ladies and Miss Ryl Moore and Cyril F. MacGillicuddy won the waltzing. This, together with the formation of the Figure-Skating Club of New South Wales in 1912 by Charles MacLurcan, and the eventual amalgamation of both the Melbourne and Sydney bodies into a National Association, paved the way for the fine successes of Australian skaters of today. Ably led by Charles MacLurcan and Dr. Cyril MacGillicuddy, who started National tests on the lines of those of the N.S.A., Australians now rank as worthy contenders in International Competitions.

[417] Scrap book of Charles MacLurcan, [compiled] Mollie Smith, Australia, 1936 [book from Swain's, Sydney, Australia]. Powerhouse Museum Reg No P3438, Sydney, Australia. Microfiche available, Online

[418] Kalgoorlie Miner, Wed 31 March 1937, p 4. Part Transcript: The inquest was held to inquire into the deaths of Reginald Haslem Boyden (40), of Randwick, Melbourne, pilot of the 'plane; Beverly Sheppard (26), of Sydney, co-pilot; William Walden Fountain (41), of Brisbane, architect...

[419] The Sydney Morning Herald, Wed 26 Dec 1945, p 4. Part Transcript: Death of 'Rules President. The death occurred on Monday of Mr. Norman P. Joseph, president of the New South Wales Australian National Football League and patron ot tne New South Wales Ice Hockey and Speed Skating Association. Mr. Joseph was also a life member of the Coogee Surf Lite-Saving Club and a member of the New South Wales Sport Club and the C.T.A. Mr. Joseph was president of the Australian Rules League for 10 years. He was president ot the Ice Hockey Association for 12 years before becoming patron in 1934.

[420] Email from Sharron Ibbotson and Dennis Lyons. Part transcript: .... To find the birth place of sadie, you need to look up the name Sarah Elizabeth MacCambridge born on march 25th 1899 at 60 garden street Alexandria postcode 2015 sydney and passed away 1st september 1968 at age 69. Her father was named James MacCambridge railway labourer from glascow scotland, her mother's name was Elizabeth Lyons. my uncles always talked about Sadie when i was young. But the credit for this information must go to my sister Sharron Ibbotson.

[421] New South Wales Births Deaths and Marriages. Last access: 30 Jul 2013. Transcript: Reg No 16820/1899 Sarah MacCambridge born Waterloo District to father James and mother Elizabeth. Father: James MacCambridge ( - 1926) Mother: Elizabeth Lyons (1877 - 1949) NSW BDM 410/1877. Mother Elizabeth born at Sydney, father Edmund, mother Sarah.

[422] Steve Lyons post: I am looking for relatives of Edmond John LYONS, b. 6/7/1850 d. 5/9/1937 in Annandale NSW. Edmond is my great-great grandfather. He lived the majority of his life in Pyrmont and Annandale. He married Sarah CLARKE in 1876 and they had 5 children:
Edmund William (1873-1922) m. Alice Janet COWAN - my great grandfather
Elizabeth (1877-1949) m. James MACCAMBRIDGE - only had one child, Sadie, who became a world champion pairs figure skater. Elizabeth moved to Canada with her daughter.
Henry F (1879-1936) m. Annie C LANE
James Laming (1881-1949) - see other message
Frederick K (1884-1970) m. Mary Catherine SMITH

[423] British Columbia Canada Death Index, 1872-1990. Sadie Elizabeth Enders died 1968.

[424] Ottawa Citizen, Ottawa, May 7 1947 p48. Copy of full article included in biography of Frank Chase.

[425] Unidentified Sydney Newspaper, c. 22 Jan 1948. Copy of full article in biography of Frank Chase.

[426] The Argus, Melbourne, Thu 7 July 1949 p6.

[427] The Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, Sat 13 June 1936, p 21. Transcript: ICE HOCKEY PLAYER. J. Brown Barred. ASSOCIATION ACTION. A stir has been caused in ice hockey circles in Sydney by the refusal of the executive committee of the New South Wales Ice Hockey Association to grant a playing permit for this season, to Jim Brown, the International player. No reason has been given his club — St. George — for the committee's action, and officials are reticent on the subject. Brown was censured last season, following the publication of an interview. He did not play during the last few matches. Recently, St. George Club forwarded four names as applicants for permits. The association has accepted three, but declined to grant one to Brown. Mr. H. Waddell Hoban (president of the association) said yesterday that the matter was purely an association one, and he had no power to comment upon the situation. "It is a great pity that such a position should have arisen," he said, "but it is entirely an internal affair. The rules say that the committee's decisions are final. It is also a pity that things have been said that may tend to widen the breach. I have nothing against Brown, but if the game is to be carried on it must be done so in a proper way." The hon. secretary (Mr. McCabe) refused to comment. Players are of the opinion that the withdrawal of Brown from the sport is a serious handicap. He is acknowledged to be the outstanding exponent in Sydney. He has been playing senior ice hockey for the last 12 years, and has the distinction of being the only Australian to represent Great Britain, England, and Scotland in games in the United Kingdom against American and Canadian teams. He has been captain of the New South Wales teams on four occasions, and of St. George Club for seven years. Team mates give him credit for much of the present high standard of the game, due to his efforts and experiences. It is understood that the St. George Club will press for his readmittance at the meeting of the association on Monday night. Brown yesterday expressed his desire to play. "I would be delighted to come back into the game and continue to endeavour to give the players the benefit of my experiences overseas," he said.

[428] Referee, Sydney, Wed 27 July 1910 p 16. Part transcript: The teams were : VICTORIA.— J. Blair. R. Jackson. C. MacGillicuddy, D. Woods, K. C. Walker (captain). A. Reid (vice-captain). NEW SOUTH WALES.— Forwards, Turnbull (captain). Cuthbertson, Pike; backs, Lane (hon.sec), Poole (vice captain); goal, Graham.

[429] The Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, Tue 16 Jun 1936, p 20 S. Article "Young Skaters". Full copy included in biographies of Rona Thaell and Sadie Cambridge.

[430] Referee, Sydney, Thu 17 Mar 1938 p 3. Article "Skater Ken Kennedy Turns Pro". Full copy included in biographies of Ken Kennedy and Sadie Cambridge.

[431] The Sydney Morning Herald, 21 Sep 1937, p 21. "Ice Skating Title: Australian's Success", article on Pamela Prior winning world's professional ice skating championship.

[432] (Family History website last viewed 4 Oct 2013) Transcript: Pamela Prior Born: 11 JUN 1917 Bournemouth, United Kingdom Died: 17 MAR 2008 Age at Death: 90 Years, 9 Months. Kenneth Schuham Married: 29 JUN 1939 - Birth: 22 DEC 1906 Douglas, Michigan, United States ; Death: 21 APR 1993.

[433] Chicago Tribune, Death Notice, 18 Mar 2008. Transcript: Death Notice: PAMELA SCHUHAM. March 18, 2008. Pamela Irene Schuham, nee Prior, 88, of Oak park, IL, beloved wife of the late Kenneth Schuham. Pamela Prior was born in 1918 in Bournemouth, England, becoming a British figure skating champion. She skated for Great Britian in the 1936 Olympic Games in Germany. She later joined the European Ice Revue and traveled to Chicago, skating at the Chicago Stadium. She married soon after and started a family in Oak Park, IL. Pamela is survived by her 3 children, Stanley (Geraldine), Sara Ann (Richard) Barilla and Richard (Marjorie); proud grandmother to 8; and great-grandmother to 11. Services and interment private. Arraignments by Ahlgrim Funeral Home. Info 630-834-3515 or Sign Guestbook at

[434] Schuham Hardware Web page, online Transcript: Founder Kenneth Schuham sold paint out of his basement in order to earn enough money to support his family during the Depression. With his great success Kenneth Schuham started Schuham Hardware with his three brothers and one sister, Alex, David, Sidney, and Isabelle. They purchased a building located at 3401 W. Chicago Avenue. In the 1930's Kenneth Schuham was awarded his first major contract with the famous Chicago Stadium. Kenneth built his life on the concept of builder's hardware. He was a member of the Home Builder's Association of Chicago-land. In 1961 he was recognized for his many years of dynamic and loyal service to the association. He was a member of the National Builder's Hardware Association. In 1947, the Chicago Metropolitan Home Builder's Association voted him the most useful member. Schuham Builder's Supply is a well established family owned and operated business. For over 73 years Schuham has flourished at several locations in the Chicago area. In 1926, Schuham Builder's Supply became one of the first distributors for Schlage locks. Over 65 years were spent at 3401 W. Chicago Ave. and 943 Spaulding Ave. In 1992 Kenneth Schuham's son, Richard moved the commercial business to 4640 N. Elston. Kenneth Schuham saw the business through growth and the move to 4640 N. Elston. Kenneth Schuham never retired and passed away in 1993 at the age of 86. The business is currently owned and managed by his son, Richard Schuham.

[435] Border Watch, Mount Gambier, South Australia, Tue 6 Aug 1918, p 2. Transcript: BIRTH. PRIOR.- On the 11th June, at Lanrick Nursing Home, Percy-road, Boscombe, England, the wife of Capt. Stanley Prior, 2nd Australian A. Hospital, Southall, England - a daughter (Pamela Irene).

[436] Lake Placid Figure Skating: A History  Christie Sausa. 2012. The History Press, Charleston, SC. Part Transcript: Cliff Thaell was a highly respected coach in Lake Placid. He started his career by performing in ice shows with his sister Rona, including the very first Ice Capades in 1940. He also performed in Sonja Henie's Broadway production Stars on Ice in 1942.

[437] Border Watch, Mount Gambier, SA, Thursday 16 September 1943. Transcript: OBITUARY Mrs. Annie Prior Many Mount Gambier people will remember Mrs. Annie Prior (nee Hollis), whose death occurred at a private hospital in Melbourne on September 7. She was the widow of the late Alfred Stanley Prior, a resident of Mount Gambier. Mrs, Prior spent 21 years at the Globe Hotel, Mount Gambier, and about 23 years ago went to reside at St. Kilda, where she lived until her demise. She had two sons Charles, of St. Kilda, and Stanley, of London and one daughter, Irene, died in 1926. Mrs. Prior, who was 79 years of age at the time of her death, had a genial personality, and was of a most charitable deposition. She had a host of friends during her residence in Mount Gambier, and added to that circle while she resided at St. Kilda.  

[438] Border Watch, Mount Gambier, SA, Wed 24 Mar 1909. Transcript: DEATH. PRIOR.- On the 21st March, 1909, at the Globe Hotel, Mount Gambier, Alfred Frederick, the beloved husband of Annie E. Prior, aged 47 years. 

[439] Border Watch, Mount Gambier, SA, Wed 7 Feb 1917. Transcript: AUSTRALIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES. Staff-Sgt. Stanley Prior has cabled to his mother, Mrs. A. E. Prior, Mount Gambier, from France, saying that he had been promoted to the rank of Lieutenant in the Dental Details. He received his promotion on his birthday, so that it came as a nice little present before leaving England for France Lieut. Prior was married to Miss Gladys May Fletcher, of Bournemouth, England, the ceremony being performed by the Rev. Herbert Bloomfield, at St. John's Church, in the parish of Moordown. Mr. Chas. Prior, brother of Lieut. Prior, who is also in England, was present at the ceremony.

[440] The Argus, Melbourne, Sat 16 May 1953. Transcript: SHE'S ON EDGE Gliding like a gull across the St. Moritz ice is Mary Wilson, a 13-year-old ice skating expert with a future. She has hecn skating since she was six, won her bronze medal award at nine, her silver wings at 10, her bronze medal, for dancing, at 11, and,in July will face a test for her silver medal. Here, she is practising for a solo performance tonight.

[441] The Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, Thu 5 Jul 1934, p 20 S. Transcript: "Croll" Cup Contest. The first heat of the "Croll" Cup was contested at the Glaciarium Ice Skating Rink during the week, and Miss Myrey Reid, the holder of the Cup once more proved herself the best of the women competitors. During the season the remaining two heats will be contested and Miss Reid is the favourite for the event. She won the Cup in 1932, the year in which it was presented by Mr Sidney Croll, the State amateur champion. There are seven competitors this year, three of them - Misses Thelma Lunn, Alison Brown, and Kathleen Kennedy - making their first public appearance as exhibition skaters. "They are most promising," said Mr Croll, "It is no easy task to give a three-minutes exhibition. The standard is quite good this year, and Miss Reid is only leading by a narrow margin."

[442] The Canberra Times, Sydney, Fri 25 Feb 1983, p 22. Article: "Training for World Professional Title" by Barry Rollings.

[443] The History of Ice Skating, Borden, Kent, England, e-book, by Fred and Joan Dean. First published c.1956. Last viewed 6 Oct 2013. Online

[444] The Argus, Thu 2 Aug 1956, p 1
Includes photo. Transcript: The parents ot 11 -year-old. Aileen Shaw, of Burnley, couldn't help but feel proud as they watched their daughter compete in the Victorian ladies' figure skating championships at the Glaciarium last night (above). For Aileen, already a junior State champion, is the youngest skater ever to compete in the senior titles.

[445] The Canberra Times,Wed 7 Nov 1962, p 40. SHAW 17th IN ICE SKATING LONDON, Tuesday (A.A.P.-Reuter). - Australianwomen's champion, Aileen Shaw, finished 17th in an international ice skating competition at Twickenham, Middlesex, last night. She scored 843 points over all, including 508.8 points for five compulsory figures in thefigure skating section. French champion, Nicole Hassler, sixth in last year's world titles, totalled 1,099.7 points to win the event last night.

[446] AusStage. Researching Australian live performance. Database by a consortium of universities, government agencies, industry organisations and collecting institutions with funding from the Australian Research Council and other sources. Last viewed Oct 2013.

[447] British Ice Hockey Hall of Fame. Elvin biographical material from the Hall of Fame compiled with research provided by Martin C Harris. Online: Ice Hockey Journalists UK

[448] Referee, Sydney, Thu 11 Mar 1937 p 16. Transcript: Australian Wins Skating Title KEN KENNEDY, Australia's Olympic skating representative, who is in England, won the British one mile speed skating championship at the Harringay Rink over the week-end in 3m 13s. Kennedy won the same race in 1935, but was unable to defend his title last year, owing to the Olympic Winter Games being on at the same time. His time in 1935 was 3m 7s. Kennedy was to have returned to Australia this year but latest advice is that he is thinking of staying on. Definite information in this regard is due shortly.

[449] The Naples Daily News, USA, 21 Nov 1971, Page 96. Transcript: You've doubtless heard of Sonja Henie, the queen of the silver blades who became a Hollywood movie idol and wound up a millionaire. But if you are the average American, you probably never heard of Cliff Thaell + Sonja's skating partner before she turned pro. Thaell, who ranks today with the great figure skaters of all time, lives in Naples in semi-retirement during the winter months, but as soon as the last frost ceases to nip the fields and streams in the north country, he is on skates again. At Lake Placid in New York, where the Thaells maintain a summer home, Clifford pretty nearly skates the clock around with pupils of all ages, from 22 months to 74 years Thaell has skated the world around six consecutive times and while skating is no longer a financial necessity, it is still the in thing for him. With his wife, the former Edwina Blades of skating fame, the Thaells live on Sheepshead Drive in Royal Harbor where he is president of the Royal Harbor Civic Association. Cliff is also very active in local Coast Guard Auxiliary work. Why did this figure skating couple choose Naples for a winter home? Let Cliff tell you why. "Frankly, we were tired of the snow and cold and besides we had honeymooned in Florida and Naples seemed just the right spot for us. The name Naples' even appealed to us. This will be our fifth winter here." Thaell, who has skated with many of the "greats, both amateurs and pros" is too cautious to name the figure whom he considers the greatest skater of all time. Sonja was the best in her time without a doubt a per- mistake but there are constantly changing elements to contend with today such as nationalities and judges, he added. "Peggy Fleming is another great skater and we musn't forget Dick Button, either. But, there is a little Dutch girl called, Sjouke Dykstra who is making things hum and who should be watched. " Ice hockey is currently so popular that it will soon rank alongside of football and baseball as the great American sport, he believes. "It may be sooner than you think that Florida will be represented in the Stanley Cup playoffs, " he noted. "It has been realiably reported that Fort Myers has been successful in obtaining a franchise. The rink will be next to the YMCA building there. It would have been great for Naples to have gotten a franchise but I turned thumbs down on the project because I felt the city is not large enough at the present time. A franchise requires a great deal of financial backing." With the nostalgic kick very much in fashion, it should be noted that Thaell was one of the featured skaters in the popular lce Capades which toured the country during the 40s. Thaell learned to skate while practically a toddler in Manchester, England, the ice capital of the world at that time. It was there that he was Sonja's partner and also where he met his wife, an exceptional figure skater by the unlikely name of Edwina Blades. At the end of World War II, Thaell found himself just out of the Army in Palestine, with a wife and a baby. "With only $300 between us, we came to America," he said. "I had to skate for money then and while I skate mostly for pleasure today, it is practically my entire life....

[450] Hello America! All star European Ice Revue, program, presented by Arthur M. Wirth, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 1939-40. Online. Official souvenir program entitled "Hello America!" featuring the All Star European Ice Revue presented by Arthur M. Wirtz and appearing at the Iceland skating rink at Carlin's Park in Baltimore, Maryland. Assembled by Chicago sports promoter and real estate owner Wirtz despite World War II breaking out in Europe, the Revue features a cast of prominent figure skaters from Britain, Europe, South Africa, and the United States. Among the performers are Armand Perren + Hanny Egli, Audrey Peppe, Pamela Prior, Edwina Blades, Rona & Cliff Thaells, Fritz Dietl, Buster Grace and the three Bruises, and Ruth English + Bruce Pitts. The three Bruises, Jeoffery Stevens, Sidney Spalding, and Monty Stott, are skilled freestyle skaters and former amateur hockey players from London who specialize in slapstick routines on ice and are thought to be among the funniest comics to ever appear on skates. Carlin's Park (also known as Carlin's Amusement Park and Carlin's Liberty Heights Park) was a popular entertainment center in northwest Baltimore that featured a children's playground, a dance pavilion, a roller rink, the ice rink, an Olympic-size swimming pool, grounds for picnicking and biking, and the games and rides found in most amusement park.

[451] The Canberra Times, Tue 10 Jul 1973, p 20. CHRISTCHURCH, Monday (AAP). A 39-year old Australian speed skater, E.Spicer, who will represent his country against New Zealand in the "Test" series at Lake Ida in a fortnight, broke three national records at the Canterbury sport track championships yesterday in the 400m, 800m and 1,600m races.

[452] The Australian Women's Weekly, Wed 7 Nov 1979, p 29. Heading for the Winter Olympics, by Elizabeth Murphy. Full article at link beneath biographical entry.

[453] The Sydney Morning Herald,, 10 Sep 1981, p 1. Coates - a sport for all seasons., by Greg Growden. Colin Coates at Canterbury Olympic Ice Rink.

[454] The Age, 7 Apr 1960, p 14. Australian Skating Stars in Ice Show Telecast

[455] The Sunday Herald, Sydney, Sun 2 Aug 1953, p 41. Seven Girls Compete For An Ice Title

[456] Lebanon Daily News, Pennsylvania, USA, 10 June 1958, p 15. New Hershey Skating Pro To Open School. ... Kaspar, twice world champion and a native of Vienna, Austria, makes his debut as Hershey figure skating professional when the Arena's fourth annual Summer Figure Skating School opens this coming Saturday morning. Kaspar will reveal plans for the fall and winter skating sessions later on. Kaspar will be assisted by two other pros during the summer in the persons of Harry A. Stafford, professional of the Rye, N. Y., Figure Skating Club; and Miss Lois Thomson, of London, England, a pupil of Kaspar. The new Hershey pro captured the world championship in Berlin in 1937 and repeated in his native Vienna in 1938. He first achieved prominence in the 1936 Olympic games when he finished a "close third." He also won two European titles prior to becoming world champion. He is the originator of the modern jumping technique in figure skating.

[457] Lebanon Daily News, Pennsylvania, USA, 19 July 1960, p 28. FIGURE SKATING WORLD It's January in July at the Hershey Sports Arena these days as figure skaters from all over the eastern United States do their loops and jumps. This is the annual summer skating school. While most youngsters are out swimming and playing tennis in the hot sun, these young skaters put in long hours on the ice, perfecting their skill on the blades. This is the kind of dedication that develops champions. * * * The summer skating school is sponsored by the Hershey Figure Skating Club under sanction of the United States Figure Skating Association. It is directed by Felix Kaspar, the Hershey club's pro. Assisting him is Miss Lois Thomson, former Australian champion, also pro with the Hershey club; Harry Stafford, pro of the Garden State Skating Club; and Miss Betty Hiscock, professional of the Cleveland Figure Skating Club. This 'is quite a faculty, representing some of the top teaching talent in figure skating.

[458] Lebanon Daily News, Pennsylvania, USA, 14 April 1959, p 11. The Hershey carnival, one of the few remaining big amateur ice shows staged in the nation, will present nearly 275 members of the club in an exciting production. It is being directed by the club's skating professional, Felix Kaspar, former twice world figure skating champion. Kaspar and his assistant, Miss Lois Thomson, former national champion of Australia, will skate exhibition numbers for the first time in the United States as part of the carnival program. The show has been sanctioned by the United States Figure Skating Association.

[459] Lebanon Daily News, Pennsylvania, USA, 11 April 1959, p 24. Aussie Champion To Appear At Hershey Miss Lois Thomson, twice national figure skating champion of Australia, will skate her first exhibition in the United States when she takes part in the 25th annual ice carnival of the Hershey Figure Skating Club. The show, "Winter Dream," vill be presented in the Hershey Sports Arena Friday night, April 7th, and Saturday afternoon, April 18th. Miss Thomson, now assistant skating professional at Hershey, will share the spotlight with some of the top skaters in the world. They will perform along with nearly 275 junior and senior members of the Hershey club. The show has been sanctioned by the United States Figure Skating Association. The pretty young skater  she will be 21 next month  started skating in Sydney, Australia, at the age of nine. At eleven she became a pupil of Felix Kaspar, twice world figure skating champion and now professional at Hershey. She was only seventeen when she won both the Victoria (State) crown, and the national championship. She repeated in both competitions the following year then left for Canada and Europe. Her skill on skates has been greatly aided by her considerable future. Off the ice she likes to relax by listening to hi-fi music. Back home in Australia she loved to ride horses but a full schedule teaching figure skating today gives her little time for this recreation. Her pleasing personality makes her a great favorite with members of the Hershey Figure Skating Club, both young and old. Other standout skaters who will take part in the Hershey ice carnival include Felix Kaspar; David Jenkins, men's world champion; Barbara Wagner and Bob Paul, world's pair champion, and Stephanie Westerfeld, national junior ladies ruunerup.

[460] Showbiz Club , January 2011 Newsletter, Melbourne, Aus, Issue 1, p 5.

[461] The Argus , Melbourne, Monday 21 April 1952, p 6. Transcript: Victorian ice hockey player Graham Argue with his bride, formerly Patricia Dawn Longden, well - known Victorian skater, only daughter of Mrs. B. Levier, Elsternwick, after their wedding at Christ Church, St. Kilda. (Includes photo of couple)

[462] The Australian Women's Weekly, Wednesday 28 January 1981, p 14. "Pat Gregory: skating out of the limelight to a new career" article by Bunty Turner. Transcript: Pat Gregory, Australia's wonder woman on ice, has just retired at the age of 51. "When I was 19, I gave myself till 28," she told The Weekly. "But when I was 28 I was in Chicago, in the biggest all-star show in the United States. Then I decided to retire when Hal, who is out front every night, felt I wasn't looking good." Hal is Pat's husband, mentor and manager, Hal Downey. For 30 years, since they married in 1950, he has been at her side. He thinks she's great, looking terrific and skating better than ever. "But whatever Pat decides," he says, "is fine by me." At the age of 12, after a bout of pneumonia, Pat's doctor recommended ice-skating. In 1947, she became the first Australian girl to win the International Gold Medal, the world's highest ice-skating award. At her London debut in 1949, she was hailed as "the Australian Sonja Henie" (the film star skater). "I'm lucky. I never had to go in the (chorus) line," says Pat. "From the moment I went out on to the ice in England, someone told some- one who told somebody else and I was offered first solo spots, then good billing and finally top billing above the title!" In her dressing room at South Sydney Junior Leagues Club, Pat's huge scrap book, lovingly kept by Hal, is evidence of her brilliant career. Clip- pings remind her of days when Elvis Presley toasted her in champagne, when she was photographed with three young kids called the Bee Gees, when royalty and cabi- net ministers and movie stars called backstage to offer con- gratulations. Other clippings celebrate shows which would be too ex- travagant to mount today. And there's Pat's favourite picture, a mother and child study to mark the birth of Tracey-Lee, now an attrac- tive 17-year-old. "Everyone says 'I bet you skate'," says Tracey-Lee, who sings well, plays cello and piano and doesn't skate. "Mum doesn't push me into anything." Since 1972, with their $20,000 portable rink, Pat and Hal have taken their ice shows around Australasia. "1980 Was a very good year," says Pat, who will now apply for amateur status, judge competitions and coach promising youngsters. "I was chosen for 'This Is Your Life' - the first time it had ever taken place on ice, anywhere in the world. It was a marvellous farewell. "Now, after 31 years in showbusiness, it is my turn to give something back to the profession which has given me such marvellous opportunities."

[463] The Canberra Times, Wed 31 July 1963, p 33. Transcript: Skaters dress as birds in the fantasy ballet on ice, The Enchanted Lake, to be seen from Channel 3 at 9 o'clock tonight. Fireflies terrorise the birds who live near an enchanted lake in the heart of a forest. Eventually, the spirits of the lake banish the fireflies. Skaters Nancy Hal lam and Frank Parsons are spirits of the lake, Marilyn Wright is a lonely bird and Gerda Goddard is a proud bird. Pat Argue, Shirley Taylor and Enid Campbell have the roles of golden birds. The fireflies are Wayne Caldwell, William Cherill and Max Isaacs. Amateur skaters appear by permission of the National Ice Skating Association of Victoria. Nancy Hallam devises and choreographs the programme which is telecast from the St. Moritz Ice Skating Rink.

[464] The Sydney Morning Herald, Thursday 14 August 1952, p 7. Transcript: SKATING WIN Fourteen-year-old Alan Ganter won the men's Australian ice skating championship at the Glaciarium last night. He is the youngest skater ever to have won the title. Victorian Frank Parsons was second, with Charles Keeble, also of Victoria, third.

[465] The Sunday Herald, Sydney, Sunday 24 June 1951, p 3. Article: Youngsters Learn to Skate.

[466] The Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, Friday 8 May 1936, p 15. IGE SKATING. Transcript: The ice skating season was officially opened at the Sydney Glaciarium yesterday afternoon, when a crowd of about 2000 attended the rink. The ice provided a fine surface, and waltzing as well as general skating was indulged in. Cliff Thaell and his sister, Miss Rona Thaell made their first appearance in Australia, Mr. Thaell is the holder of the National Skating Association of Great Britain's silver medal, and was the leading lnstructoi at the Birmingham rink, England. He will act as chief instructor in Sydney during the currency of the season. His sister is recognised as one of the most expert women skaters In England, and was associated with several rinks there. Mr. Thaell will give nn exhibition of fancy skating on Saturday night.

[467] The Ormond Chronicle, 1949, p 8. Ormond College Library, Online: Ormond Chronicle Archive

[468] Referee, Sydney, Thu 13 June 1935, p 3. Article: "The Thrills of Ice Hockey, Hot Sport on a Cold Base, Australian International Explains. Jimmy Brown's Record." By Norman Ellison, Sketches by Virgil. Full copy included at link beneath biography of Jim Brown.

[469] Referee, Sydney, Thu 1 Aug 1935, p 2. Article: "The Amazing Come-back of Jimmie Brown. Great Recovery After Serious Operations." By "Ranger". Full copy included at link beneath biography of Jim Brown.

[470] Referee, Sydney, Thu 8 Sep 1938. p 23. Article: "Australia's Ranking in Ice Hockey. Controversy Started by Canadian's Criticism." By "Left Defence". Full copy included at link beneath biography of Jim Brown.

[471] The Sydney Morning Herald,, Wed 3 Aug 1938, p 20.

[472] The Sydney Morning Herald, Sat 30 July 1938, p 19. Transcript: ICE HOCKEY. American Expert's Visit. Mr Harry G Holmes formerly a leading ice hockey player who arrived from Vancouver by the Niagara yesterday said that if there was the slightest encouragement he would return to Australia later with two teams of "crack" professional ice hockey players from America. Mr Holmes is now manager of the Cleveland arena, where championship ice hockey matches are played. "Ice hockey is the swiftest game in the world today, " he said. "It began in Canada, was heard about in the States, and today the ice stadiums in New York, Boston Cleveland and elsewhere are packed to capacity when matches are played. It seemed to me that Australians would like this game. I have come here partly on holiday and partly to see whether this game would be popular."

[473] The Sydney Morning Herald, Thu 15 April 1937, p 19. Report of the annual general meeting of St George Ice Hockey Club, Sydney."

[474] The Australian Women's Weekly, Wed 19 Feb 1975, p 39. Article: Consolation Prize Led to Ice Stardom. Scan of original at link in biography of Liz + Peter Cain.

[475] The Australian Women's Weekly, 28 May 1975. Article by Larry Boys: Skating Pair Hit the Top in Quick Time. Scan of original at link in biography of Liz + Peter Cain.

[476] The Australian Women's Weekly, Wed 8 Nov 1978, p 21. Article by Lana Wells: Warming Up for the 1980 Winter Olympics. Scan of original at link in biography of Liz + Peter Cain.

[477] The Australian Women's Weekly, Wed 2 July 1980, p 9. Part transcript: "...In 1980, brother and sister signed a lucrative two-year contract as principal pairs skaters with the spectacular USA Ice Follies. They were the first Australians invited to join. "Being the principal pair in such a prestigious company of 70 skaters is a real honour. And it'll be nice to have money coming in," Peter said. "In the past year it cost about $40,000 to compete in the world championships and the winter Olympics at Lake Placid." It was at Lake Placid that Peter, 21, and Elizabeth, 17, eleventh in the pairs figure skating, caught the eye of Ken Feld, head of Ice Follies. "

[478] The Living London Boom, by Sally Jackson in "Senses of Cinema", Issue 49, March 2009. Online

[479] The Sydney Morning Herald, 2 Oct 1915.

[480] The Sydney Morning Herald, 20 Nov 1915

[481] The Sydney Morning Herald, 1 Jan 1916

[482] The Sydney Morning Herald, 19 Feb 1916

[483] Barrier Miner, Broken Hill, NSW, Sun 12 August 1917

[484] The Argus, Melbourne, 18 July 1949, p 5.

[485] 'Hayward, Henry John', by Clive Sowry from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 8-Oct-2013. Online

[486] 'CINEMA', , from An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock, originally published in 1966. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 23-Apr-09 Online

[487] Cinemas and Audiences Research Project, CAARP, Flinders University, online database, Elite / Palais / Barkly, St Kilda venue record.Online

[488] National Library of Australia.Miscellaneous papers of Rubina Fitzgerald (nee Beyer), 1909-1932.

[489] The Register, Adelaide, Wednesday 18 May 1904, p 6.

[490] Oamaru Mail, Oamaru, New Zealand, Volume XXIX, Issue 8637, 12 November 1904, Page 1. Transcript: Olympia Elite Roller Rink. Roller skating is about to be introduced in Oamaru, and his Worship the Mayor (Mr J. M. Brown) has kindly consented to perform the opening ceremony of the Olympia Rink on Tuesday next. Rinking is recognised as one of tho most healthy recreative amusements ever introduced to the public, and patrons of the abovo rink during the season will receive at tho hands of the management marked attention and instructors will bo in attendance to assist beginners. The director (Mr Webb) remarked to our reporter that no stone would be left unturned to enhance tho comfort- and convenience of his patrons. Mr Webb has had fifteen years' experience of rinks, and is able to place before the public of Oamaru a- first-class up-todate skating rink, which will ho conducted on lines leaving no cause for complaint as to extreme respectability, as the management reserve the- right of excluding any person without being called upon to give reasons. The building in Harbor street lias been thoroughly renovated and fitted up with offices, skate-rooms, cloak rooms, and refreshment bars. The staff for the rink has been brought straight from Australia-. The general manager (Mr F. P. C. Beyer) will assist in the opening ceremony on' Wednesday, and the position of manager will bo occupied by Mr Roy Bosisto. who is well equipped to carry out the duties in a courteous and capable manner.

[491] The Argus, Melbourne, Thu 24 Mar 1887, p 8. The Mayor said that he had placed himself in communication with the proprietor of the Elite Columbia Skating Rink, St Kilda, and the result was that he had received a letter from the proprietor, Mr Ridgely, who had offered to give half the proceeds of an evening's entertainment to the St Kilda stall. Skating was a very popular, as well as a very healthful amusement, and he hod no doubt it would be largely patronised.

[492] The Argus, Melbourne, Sat 7 Aug 1875, p 12. Advertising. Transcript: Skating rink St Kilda near Terminus open daily. Admission 1 shilling. Skating Rink St Kilda. Also, same newspaper on Fri 27 Oct 1876 Confirms rink location in Grey St, viz. County Court case Goslett v. Roberts. Part transcript: "...Goslett went outside the rink into grey Street, and when witness went out to go toward the railway station, Goslett followed him."

[493] The Mail, Adelaide, Sat 3 Dec 1949, p 17 S. Article: "Last Link with old skating rink goes", Jean Fulcher. Copy attached at "1949" link beneath F P C Beyer biography (Builders page 3).

[494] Kalgoorlie Miner WA, Saturday 21 August 1909, p 10. S. Article: "Champion Roller Skater "Professor" Wallace in Kalgoorlie Appearance at The Stadium." Copy attached at "1909" link beneath F P C Beyer biography (Builders page 3).

[495] Morning Bulletin Rockhampton, Qld, Saturday 17 August 1889, p 5. Transcript: A warrant has been issued against Henry Allan Washburn for embezzling about £1000 belonging to Mr. Albert Ridgely, of London. Washburn and Ridgely were associated in conducting the St. Kilda skating rink, but Ridgely left for England, and Washburn assumed the management and sold out their interest. Subsequently dissatisfaction arose, and Ridgely sent out a man to act for him, but when the deficiency was discovered Washburn had left by the Britannia.

[496] The Argus Melbourne, Wed 22 May 1888, p 1. Transcript: BEYER. - On the 20th inst., at 24 Alfred-street, College  Lawn, Prahran, Herr Peter Beyer, teacher of gymnastics, beloved husband of Elizabeth Beyer,  aged 54 years, after a long and painful illness,  Native of Hamburg, Germany. R.I.P.

[497] Bent, Sir Thomas (1838-1909), by Weston Bate, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 12 January 2014.

[498] The Lowe family: five generations of dance teachers in New Zealand, Australia and Scotland , by Allan Thomas, Stout Centre Review, Nov 1992, pp 5-7.

[499] The Traditional Tune Archive, Joseph Lowe entry. Online:

[500] The Argus, Melbourne, Thu 23 Dec 1880, p 7. Dancing Masters at War.

[501] The Argus, Melbourne, Wed 25 Dec 1872, p 4. Transcript: A new skating rink has been opened by Mr. J. E. Lowe, professor of dancing, at his rooms, 45 Stephen street south, where he has recently erected a large hall at the rear of his present premises. The dimensions are about 100ft. by 42ft, and special attention has been paid to the construction of the floor and to ventilation. The floor has been laid with the greatest care, made perfectly level, and so packed with a non-conductor of sound that the roller makes no noise. The skates are of the latest American patent. The room is also well suited for dancing, but it is the intention of Mr. Lowe to devote it to the uses of a skating rink, except when occupied by his private olassos. The opening of the new rink took place yesterday evening, and was cele- brated by a private ball after the close of the skating. The fees are moderate, and skating will, no doubt, become a popular amusement.

[502] The Argus, Melbourne, Monday 24 December 1900, p 6. ST. KILDA SKATING-RINK BURNT. A fire occurred early on Saturday morning in a large wooden structure situated in Canterbury road, St Kilda, which for some time past has been used as a cycling school and skating rink. The efforts of the brigade were unavailing, and the building - as mentioned in our later editions on Saturday - was totally destroyed, together with the content. The premises were owned by the Mercantile Bank Assets Company, and occupied by Mr F C P Beyer. The contents were insured in the United Australian Mutual office for £300, and the building in the new Zealand ollice for £500. Portion of the adjoining shop and contents was destroyed at the same time. The shop, a two storied brick structure, was owned by Mr F Wimpole, and occupied by Mr Gill, butcher. The contents are insured in the City Mutual office for £250, and the building in the Standard Insurance Company ot New Zealand for £600. The cause of the fire is unknown.

[503] "That window has a history": The Shakespeare Window at the State Library, by Mimi Colligan, The LaTrobe Journal, No 78, Spring 2006.

[504] The Argus, Melbourne, 29 January 1866. There are many other newspaper references to Fuller's performances in 1866.

[505] Roller Skating Made Easy, 1884, Published by E. SMITH, Portland, MAI, USA. 106 pp. Available online.

[506] Ice Skating International website, 2004, by George S. Rossano, "Early North American Champions" last visited Jan 2014. The data is from various editions of Irving Brokaw's "The Art of Skating" and from "Willy Boeckl on Figure Skating". Available online.

[507] The Argus, Melbourne, Sat 22 Jun 1940, p 7. Roller Skating. On the 7th April, 1866, at the conclusion of the performance of "Twelfth Night" at the Theatre Royal, Mr. W. H. Fuller, "champion skater of the world," had the honour of introducing roller skating to the Australian public, under the auspices of Mr. George Coppin. A month later the Apollo Hall, adjoining the Eastern Market, was opened as a skating rink. For a while the new pastime had a vogue, but it was not until 20 years later that the roller-skating "boom" resulted in the erection of a number of quite extensive buildings for skating rinks round about the city. Some of these probably still remain, converted to other uses.

[508] The Brisbane Courier, Tuesday 24 April 1888, p 5.

[509] Gippsland Times, Vic, Tue 3 July 1866, p 3.

[510] The Engineer, London, UK, Feb 25 1876, p 129. Historical Notes on Roller Skates No. IV. Part transcript: ... It will be convenient in this place to notice the sudden outburst of rink-skating which occurred in Victoria in 1866. No less than six patents were applied for in as many months in the colony. We are unable to say much about them, and, with one exception, can give little beyond the names of the patentees. Mr. George Selth Coppin opened the ball on the 13th of March. He was followed on the 11th of June by Mr. Leopold Burmeister, who also took out provisional protection in this country, and on the 20th of the same month Mr. Thomas Rea's application for a patent for a skate "with single line of rollers each revolving on two centres or sockets" was tiled in the office. Mr. John Frederick Droop patented a method of "guiding skates by the inclination and pressure of the foot," on the 19th of July, and Mr. William Bourne Say made an unsuccessful application for a patent on the 4th of August for a skate embodying "(1) a mode of obtaining a rocking motion; (2) facilitation of turning; (3) metal axle box; and (4) wheels made in a single piece." The inventive ingenuity of the colony was, however, not exhausted, for Mr Robert Anderson applied on the 1st of September for a patent for "an arrangement of ball-and-socket joint, by means of which curvilinear motion is secured." The patent was refused. So far as the patent lists are concerned roller-skating in Victoria went to sleep for five years and was not revived until May 9, 1871, when Mr. Horace Kimball applied for a patent, which we shall refer to later on when describing the American patents for that year. There is a statement in the Melbourne Herald of April 7th, 1866, that one Fuller, the champion skater, had been engaged to give a performance being the inauguration of roller skating in the colony. In the Herald for the 9th there is an account of the performance, and a statement that 200 pairs of skates had been shipped from America but were overdue. In May a public skating rink was opened in the city, the skates used having been furnished to the above-mentioned Mr. George Coppin, by Mr Plimpton.

[511] The Argus, Melbourne, Tue 26 June 1866, p 8.

[512] The Argus, Melbourne, 29 November 1886, p 11.

[513] The Sydney Morning Herald, NSW, 27 August 1886. Advertising.

[514] The Argus, Melbourne, 5 September 1866. Advertising.

[515] The Argus, Melbourne, Friday 25 April 1873, p 4. Deaths. TIPPER. On the 24th inst., at her residence, Rupert-street, Collingwood, Mary Ann, wife of Mr. G. H.Tipper, aged 34 years.

[516] The ERA, London, 28 July 1883. Transcript: The Philharmonic Hall, 40 Islington High Street, London. 'The managers have arranged with G. H. Tipper, of the Golden Fleece, Queen-street, Cheapside, late manager of the Criterion, Piccadilly, and late proprietor of the Café de Paris and Haymarket Theatre, Melbourne, to take the whole of the handsome and commodious saloons, smoking lounges, and refreshment rooms, which will be under his personal supervision.'
The London 1884 Public House + Publican Directory - G2. Entry transcript: Golden Fleece, George H Tipper, 8 Queen street, Cheapside EC

[517] The Argus, Melbourne, Friday 26 May 1871, p 7.

[518] The Sydney Morning Herald, Sat 7 May 1938, p 15. Transcript: ICE SKATER. Return from Successful Tour. Wearing the black and gold badge of the Sydney Grammar School, and speaking with a slight American accent, Mr. Clarence Hislop, a young Australian ice-skater, returned to Sydney by the Aorangi last night with trophies won in contests against the foremost ice skaters of the world. Mr Hislop left the Sydney Grammar School in 1934, and, after a brief experience of ice skating at a Sydney rink, went to England, where he rapldly advanced to championship rating. He became a professional, he said, and competed in the British open championship, in which he was placed second. Later, he won the gold medal of the British National Skating Association, a trophy coveted by European and American champions, and held by only seven British skaters. In this event, he competed as Australia's representative. Mr. Hislop said he also competed successfully in skating contests in Germany, Switzerland, the USA and Canada. He had returned to Australia to establish himself as an instructor, and to give exhibitions at a rink to be opened in a pavilion at the Showground. Skating is rapidly approaching a stage overseas where it will be recognised as of equal importance in sport as football and baseball, said Mr. Hislop. At the end of the year, Mr. Hislop said, he would probably return to England to accept a position as manager of the skating rink at the Wembley Stadium. Mr. Hislop is now aged 23.

[519] Washington Death Records. Transcript: Clarence Hislop, Birth: Nov 6 1914. Death April 1 1982, Age 67. Seattle, Washington. Retired Social Security Number 567-28-1608

[520] The Spokesman-Review, Seattle, USA, 6 Jun 1978. Notes from article: Ballard Ice Arena closed in June 1978. Hislop was 68 and leased and operated the rink for 28 years.

[521] West Seattle Herald, Nov 29 1945, p 7.

[522] West Seattle Herald, 30 Jan 1969, cover story. Pair Compete. Eyes on Olympics.

[523] Plattsburgh Press-Republican, New York, Tue Nov 20 1951.

[524] Ice Skating in Australia, 20 Aug 1931, p 4. Australian Figure Skating: first national championships. Copy attached to link at biography of Chas Maclurcan.

[525] The Sydney Morning Herald, Tuesday 20 July 1909, Advertising.

[526] North Western Advocate + Emu Bay Times, Tasmania, Mon 18 May 1908, Transcript: Ramsay Salmon, a Victorian who acquired the art of ice skating at the Glaciarium, Melbourne, leaves shortly for Europe to represent Australia in the competition for the world's championship.

[527] The Australian Women's Weekly, 7 Oct 1950.

[528] The Ice Skater, 5 Jul 1930. From Maclurcan's own scrapbook. Copy attached to link at biography of Chas Maclurcan.

[529] Glaciettes, Glaciarium Ltd Melbourne, c. 1932, p 6. "Glaciarium Personalities: Introducing Mr Claude Langley" by Bernard Dean, article.

[530] The Sydney Morning Herald, NSW, Sat 20 Sep 1913, p 20. SALMON-TROTTER.-September 17, 1913, at St. Stephen's Church, by Rev. J. Ferguson, Ramsay Salmon, of St. Kilda, Melbourne, to Fannie, daughter of the late Wm. Trotter, of Sydney..

[531] State Libray of New South Wales, Trotter family pictorial material, ca.1883-1963. Online

[532] Referee, Sydney, NSW, Wed 21 May 1924, p 16. Transcript: ICE SKATING RESUMES Tomorrow will see the resumption of ice skating at the Sydney Glaciarium. Mr Dunbar Poole, who is still in charge of this exhilarating pastime, anticipates that the new season will eclipse all others in popularity. The office for the issue of season tickets and the registration of skates opens to-morrow morning.

[533] The Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, NSW, 14 May 1936. Runners up in the professional ice skating championship[ shortly before they left for Australia. Braine was 1936 World's Pro champion at Earls Court. 1st british champion since Championships commenced 1931.
Wednesday 12 August 1936, p 21. Transcript: ICE SKATING. "LA FIESTA" CARNIVAL. The annual ice skating carnival to be held at the Glaciarium tomorrow night will be produced under the title of "La Fiesta." The items will include Spanish and Indian dances, with a cowboy trio by Miss Rona Thaell and Messrs Sid Croll and Cliff Thaell. All the leading amateur Ice katers will take part, as well as the professional staff of the Glaciarium. The production will be in setting provided by J C Williamson Ltd and will be presented by Mr Hope Braine (the British open champion of 1936) and Miss Friedi Meerkamper addition to the set programme, skaters in costume will be allowed on the ice. Prizes will be awarded for fancy costume.
Friday 14 August 1936, p 8. ICE CARNIVAL "LA FIESTA" AT GLACIARIUM. The annual ice carnival at the Glaciarlum last night, which was marked by a presentation of "La Fiesta," was a gay and colourful event. "La Fiesta" was inspired by the annual sports day and revelry customary to the Spanish-American countries, and was portrayed in costumes in keeping with the traditional dress of the people. The setting was the exterior of a Spanish-American church, and the national trait was exemplified by a gathering outside the church, followed by dances and evolutions representing the gaiety of the occasion. Ballets of swaying senoritas and the appearance of Indians and cowboys added to the bizarre effect. A "bull-fight" in which the "hind legs" of the "bull" caused much merriment by their efforts to keep pace with the "forelegs," was one of the pleasing interludes. Solo dances were given by Messrs. H. Braine, S. Croll, and J. Brown, and Misses Frledi Meerkamper and Mlrie Reid. Hundreds of skaters thronged the rink in fancy costume.

[534] The Winnipeg Tribune, Winnipeg, Canada, 24 Feb 1940, p 19. Transcript: Hope Braine. Engiish-born figure skating star with the Cracked Ice Follies, which is booked to show - here next month, claims to he the only man in the world who skates on stilts.
[535] Referee, Sydney, NSW, Thursday 21 May 1936, p 18. Transcript: Champion Skaters At The Sydney Glaciarium. SPLENDID exhibitions of fancy skating are being given at Sydney Glaciarium by Hope Braine and Mlle. Friedi Meerkamper every Wednesday and Saturday night. They were runners-up to Miss Sadie Cambridge and Professor Albert Enders in 1934 and 1935 in the British professional pair skating championship. Mr. Hope Braine is the British professional men's skating champion;. He is a particularly fine exponent of jumping on the ice.

[536] The Daily News, Perth, WA, Tuesday 5 May 1936, p 2. Transcript: World Skating First Visit To Australia 'Professional skaters have plenty of scope in London,' said Mr. Hope Braine, world professional figure skating champion, who passed through Fremantle in the Narkunda today on his way to the Glaciarium Skating Rink, in Sydney. Mr. Braine and his partner, Miss Friedi Meerkamper, who was also a passenger in the ship, will give exhibitions and teach in Sydney for about three months. 'Every ice club in London has an average of 12 professionals, six women and six men, attached to the staff,' Mr. Braine continued. 'Skating is very popular in England. Two new ice stadiums were being built when I left, ready for the next season.' Mr. Braine won his title of world professional champion at Earls' Court rink two days before he sailed for Australia. He is the first Englishman to win the title, which has been in competition for five years. He was runner-up in the championship last year. EXACTING TEST The test for the championship was a most difficult one, Mr. Braine said It consisted of set school figures, very difficult ones, and five minutes free skating, which was a most strenuous test. 'While training for the championship I started at 8.15 each morning and practised for about two hours, then worked for another hour about mid day,' he said. 'Apart from this I try to keep myself fit by neither drinking nor smoking, and making an effort to get into bed before midnight every night - rather difficult at times.' Last year's professional charnpionship was the first competition that Mr. Braine had entered. He was too nervous while still in his amateur status, he explained, but after several professional exhibitions he got over this. 'We don't seem to have very cold winters in England now, and most of the skating is done in doors,' Mr. Braine said. 'I think I have skated out of doors only about three times in my life.' Mr. Braine started skating for a hobby while he was still at school. He studied for and passed his motor engineer's degree, but about four years ago he was offered a position as instructor at the Queen's Ice Club, Bayswater, London, and has been there ever since. ICE HOCKEY POPULAR 'Ice hockey is very popular in England,' he said; 'I used to play while I was an amateur, but professionals are excluded from the game.' Mr. Braine, who is also a gold medallist of the National Skating Association, has never visited Australia before and is looking forward to his stay. He intends to travel home via America. Miss Meerkamper, who has been his partner since last September, is also a gold medallist, and was runner-up in the world professional pair skating championship.

[537] Referee, Sydney, NSW, Thursday 11 May 1939. Transcript: Hope Braine Entertained. HOPE Braine, professional ice skating champion of the world since 1936, hopes to settle down as a farmer in Australia, but for the time being he will be an instructor, and give exhibitions at the Ice Palais, Moore Park, Sydney. To meet the visitor, who has been to Australia before, a Press luncheon was given by Mr. J. C. Bendrodt at 'Prince's.' The' guest of honor briefly related experiences in other parts of the world. Visitors to the Ice Palais are sure to like him. He Is 24 years of age. One of his Palais stunts will be 'skating on stilts.'

[538] Australian War Memorial, Official Number 403211.

[539] The Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, NSW, Saturday 7 October 1939, p 9. Skaters to Marry. A wedding of special interest will be celebrated at St. John's Church, Darlinghurst, on Monday, when Mr. Hope Braine, who has been twice world's professional skating champion, is married to Miss Sylvia Law, one of the members of the Switzerland lee Show company, Mr. Braine met Miss Law when he was leading skater in the Switzerland Ice Show in London, a position he relinquished to come to Australia to appear in exhibitions at the Ice Palais. This will be the second wedding associated with the Switzerland Ice Show during the Australian tour. During the Melbourne season the star, Mr. Phil Taylor, married Mrs. Betty Inglis, of London.

[540] Ice Hockey Guide, 15 Jun 1956, p 11.

[541] Referee, Sydney, Thursday 3 June 1937, p 18. Part transcript: ... Jimmy Kendall To Coach Varsity. ONE hundred and fifty players were present at ice hockey practice at Sydney Glaciarium on Sunday morning, and were pleased to see E. J. ('Jimmy') Kendall in action once again. The greatest player of ice hockey yet seen in Australia, Mr. Kendall is the father of the Olympic swimmer, Billy Kendall. He is coaching the new Sydney University Ice Hockey team, and on Sunday showed that he has lost none of his skill in handling the puck.

[542] The Sydney Morning Herald, 6 May 1942 p 14. Family Notices, Deaths. Transcript: KENDALL. May 5 1942 Ernest James Kendall late of Bradford Kendall Ltd and of Oak Lodge Trelawney Street Woollahra.

[543] Table Talk, Melbourne, Thursday 25 March 1926, p 7. Transcript: New Ice-Skating Company THERE has been some uncertainty of late as to the future of ice-skating in Victoria, owing to the knowledge that the Glaciarium must soon be lost to the ice-skating public. Fortunately this doubt has been removed, so far as the coming season is concerned, by the formation of a new company which has secured the lease of the Glaciarium for the winter months. The secretary of the new company is Mr. Leonard R. Molloy, who has for some years now been actively interested in ice-skating on the managerial side. The directors are Dr. Cyril Macgillicuddy, and Messrs. Hector Kendall, I. G. Beaver, F, G. Turner, H. W. Allen and A. G. Outhwaite. Mr. L. R. Molloy will, manage the Glaciarlum as usual during the coming season, when that popular rendezvous will be run on precisely the same lines as in the past. Ultimately the company proposes to establish, a new ice-skating rink on some central site, upon which a building will be erected suitable for ice-skating requirements in the winter, and dancing, concerts or pictures in the summer. Among engagements for the season is that of Professor and Miss Pfitzner, continental, champions, from St. Moritz, who will give ice-skating displays, and also demonstrations of the higher forms of skating.

[544] Table Talk, 31 May 1928 p 15. Depicted by Table Talk cartoonist Ward as "some of the leading personalities at Melbourne's skating resort".

[545] The Australasian, Saturday 14 October 1911, p 27. Full Transcript: ICE SKATING. AUSTRALIAN ASSOCIATION TESTS. By ROCKER.

From this time onward the art of ice-skating will have to be added to the now almost complete list of world's sports in which Australians are likely to achieve distinction. As the result of long years of practice, and after conferences between the best exponents in the world, the International Skating Union in 1896 established a rigid series of tests in what are known as the school figures, mastery of which entitles the executant to possession of a bronze, silver, or gold medal, according as he or she can pass the third, second, and first class satisfactorily. It is only some four or five years since Australians have had the advantage of learning this most difficult of arts, but the artificial ice-rinks first established as a monetary speculation are rapidly becoming a school of skating more in the nature of a club. In this short time Victorians have shown their adaptability to any form of acclimatised sport by the attainment of an extraordinary proficiency at ice-skating. Three men in Dunbar Poole, Ramsey Salmon, and Langley, the last named now the professor at the Melbourne Glaciarium, are devoting all their time to the art, and have already earned distinction upon English and Continental rinks, Poole and Salmon, going abroad every winter for further study under the best exponents. At the insistence of the Victorian amateurs a National Ice-skating Association of Australia was formed this year, with a view to the establishment of properly constituted class tests, and future affiliation with the International Union. Bronze medal tests have just been concluded, and six men succeeded in passing the test, though the compulsory figures set were over-ambitious, including, as they did, "loops" and "double threes," which are elsewhere reserved for the second-class tests. Nothing is to be gained by going beyond the difficulty of the established tests, nor is such a practice likely to pave the way to affiliation with the International Union. In addition to the bronze medal competitions, championship tests were held consisting of a series set school figures and three minutes of free skating, also the waltzing and pair-edge events of other years were continued.

To comment generally upon the form displayed, both in the school figures and in the free skating programmes, the outstanding feature was the want of style rather than the want of ability to trace more or less correctly the figure on the ice. Want of freedom and lack of proper carriage and poise are chiefly responsible for cramped figures. All through the figures were skated too small, and without sufficient pace, the "abandon" of the true Continental style was conspicuous by its absence. To put it in a word, the style was a compromise between the English or "poker" 'school, as it is familiarly known, and something which is far from reaching the most modest Continental style. It is naturally difficult for a skater to pick up the Continental method unless he has seen first class exponents at work in it, and, worse still, the text books so far published do not help him much, they all stop far short of the real thing, chiefly because the men who have mastered the art do not care to give away the secrets it has taken them years of work to gain. As evidence of this, since the world's championship was instituted in 1896 only four names appear as winners; U. Salchow the present champion, has won 10 times in the last 11 years. Again Australians prefer to do their work in the most unassuming fashion, anything else they regard as "side" but it is to be remembered that what may appear to the uninitiated as "flash" work is in skating an essential part of proper execution. To command pace, without which big figures are impossible, the bending and straightening of the skating leg, play an important but still secondary influence to that of the position of the disengaged leg and the shoulders. While some attempt was mode by competitors to utilise the flexed skating knee, the carriage of the disengaged leg and foot was comparatively neglected the knee, even on the outside back edge, was never turned sufficiently outward, the heel was carried too low, and the toe not pointed sufficiently downward to the ice. Such a position, however, is impossible to attain with ease, unless the shoulders, and body be in their right place. In this regard it may be said at once that the tendency is to skate with the shoulders far too square the axis of the shoulders being invariably too far removed from the line of direction, the leading shoulder not far enough advanced, the back shoulder always too far in front. Again, the position of the arms, which play so important a part in balance and poise, were in the majority of cases made little or no use of. In the plain sights it was also noticeable that the timing with the disengaged leg had not been scientifically studied to make it work to the best advantage with the turning of the shoulders - a difficult matter on an outside edge, but twice as hard to master and control on an inside edge. In the figures containing turns attention might well be devoted to getting the body into correct position for the resulting edge after the turn has been made, instead of trusting to swing and sometimes a pronounced kick to gain the end in view. Another propounced general fault is the tendency to look downward at the ice instead of to the horizon.

The free skating programmes submitted could hardly be called free skating, except in two instances combinations of simple school figures are not free skating. Notable exceptions were Miss Williams's exhibition in the ladies' Championship, and those of K. Field and J. Goodall in the men's event, though the latter depended far too much on minute variations of dance and toe steps, which cannot but break the continuity of a programme. Different principles govern the judging of the compulsory figures and the free skating programme. In the latter, difficulty and variety on the one hand and harmonious composition, balance, swing, pace, and carriage on the other are all important, against correct tracing, carriage, size of figures and their equality. H. Reid, the winner of the men's championship, was placed well ahead for the compulsory figures. He had more pace, and kept his work bigger than any of the others, at the same time his carriage, especially on his forward edges; was not sufficiently oblique. In his free programme he did not give nearly as attractive a performance as either J. Goodall or K. Field. Goodall's free work has already been referred to, and in the execution of his compulsory figures he showed much more freedom, if not the same accuracy, as his opponents. Field is another skater who promises well. He certainly gave the best put together free programme, but his set work was marred to a certain extent by a bent hip a fault he should easily overcome with care. Miss M. Reid, who carried off the ladies' championship, like her brother had her school figures to thank for her victory. Though skated small, her tracing was accurate, and she did not suffer from nervousness to anything like the same extent as the other competitors; her free programme was really only a combination of school figures, and lacked individuality. It fell to Miss Williams to contribute the best free programme amongst both the ladies and the men. It was full of variety, and all continuously from first to last, and was skated with a refreshing freedom. Miss Winter has an attractive style the result of a good deal of work under good masters at Princes, and Miss Moore and Miss N. Madden are sure to do well in succeeding seasons. For a grace of carriage and distinction that are quite her own, Miss Neave, who is just it. The beginning of her career showed wonderful promise. Under Professor Langley she has devoted her attention to correct carriage and position, and in these respects she is an admirable example to every skater on the rink. Next season she will reap the benefit of having spent so much time in the self-denying work of mastering first principles in their order of difficulty.

The pair-edge competition was one of the most attractive events. L. Reid and Miss Neave won handsomely from H. Reid and Miss R. Moore. Miss Neave's display, especially on the back edges, left little to be desired, and more than counterbalanced H. Reid's slight superiority over his brother. On her forward edges Miss Moore's work was capital, and what few points she lost were in a lack of boldness on the back edges. Of the rest of the field Miss Winter deserves special mention, for excellent work, while Miss de Grut too showed capital style, her back edges being taken with the greatest confidence. Both these ladies needed to be better partnered to do themselves justice. In the waltzing competitions the form was distinctly good all round, and in one or two instances, excellent. Apart from faults of technique, the chief complaint must be as to position and grace of carriage many of the men kept their partners at almost arms length, as if afraid that their skates might catch. Without exception, if one may say so with propriety, the fault lay entirely with the men. Even with the winning pair in the Victorian championship, C. Macgillicuddy and Miss R. Moore, the former is inclined to err in this direction. Their rhythm as a pair, and the command of a fine flowing edge, did much to help them to victory, and to neutralise a too free use of the disengaged leg, and a too constantly bent skating knee by Macgillicuddy. Miss Moore's waltzing is equal to the best seen on English and Continental rinks, and it is remarkable that neither she nor her partner have had any professional tuition. L. Reid and Miss Neave ran the winners very close, indeed, and the same appreciation, applies to Miss Neaves's waltzing as to Miss Moore's.

It only remains to add a few words upon the system of judging. There is a recognised form of awarding points and three independent judges at work at the same time, and a subsequent averaging of marks ensures a maximum of fairness, though even then it is advisable that all three judges should work upon the same system. That is to say, all should mark high or mark low in competitive events - the former being, perhaps, the most satisfactory. For the "class" tests the International Union system provides the ideal scheme. Once over, however, the general results of the judging should, in the interests of the sport, be made available to competitors. It is not suggested that the judges' scoring-sheets should be open to inspection, but the competitor who wishes to improve must first find out his faults, and where, in the opinion of the judges, he failed all these facts he should be allowed to ascertain from an authoritative source, otherwise the educational value of the elaborate system of judging is lost. However, in this the first season of its existence, the Australian Association has done well, and if it remains in the same competent, hands, ice-skating will be assured of the prominence due to it as a welcome addition to amateur winter sport in Australia.

[546] Freeman's Journal, Sydney, Thu 6 May 1909 p 28. I am told that Master Charles Maclurcan (only son of the hostess of the Wentworth Hotel), who is returning from a trip to Europe, recently won second place for all comers in an ice-waltzing competition at Davos Platz (Switzerland), and that he has acquired other accomplishments on the ice which should win him no little distinction during Sydney's Glaciarium season.

[547] Email Correspondence from John Maclurcan,, Grandson of Charles Dansie Maclurcan, 30 Sep 2014. Part transcript: ...I am very grateful to you for clarifying what clearly has been a family misconception. I am sure my grandfather would have disapproved of any such misnomer because while he was a man of great achievement, he was notably modest.

[548] Maclurcan Family, photographs and scans of bronze, silver and gold medals and certificates from Internationaler from Schlittsschuh-Club Davos, 30 Sep 2014. Transcript (translated from original German): International Skating Club Davos. (1) We confirm our sitting member Mr C D Maclurcan on 8 February 1912 on the local rink has passed the Class I test with 260 points from a possible score of 492. Davos-Platz, on 8 February 1912. Signed by the award judging committee and the club president and secretary. (2) We confirm our sitting member Mr C D Maclurcan on 1 February 1912 on the local rink has passed the Class II Test with 193 points from a possible score of 270. Davos-Platz, on 8 February 1912. Signed by the award judging committee and the club president and secretary. (3) We confirm our sitting member Mr C D Maclurcan on 2 March 1909 on the local rink has passed the Class III Test with 67.25 points from a possible score of 96. Davos-Platz, on 2 March 1909. Signed by the award judging committee and the club president and secretary

[549] Email Correspondence from John Maclurcan Grandson of Charles Dansie Maclurcan, 1 Oct 2014. Part transcript: ...Outside of the Wentworth, Grandpa has a car dealership/electrical workshop from about 1912 in partnership with Cyril Lane (Maclurcan and Lane). Cyril married his sister Lyn in 1915 and died at Gallipoli. Ed.- This is on the public record in various public sources.

[550] Ice Hockey Guide, 13 Jul 1958, p 9. Meet the Players, by Ern Margieson.

[551] Ice Hockey Guide, 30 Aug 1958, p 8. Meet the Players, by Ern Margieson.

[552] Ice Hockey Guide, 22 June 1956, p 11. The Men in Our Game.

[553] Ice Hockey Guide, 27 July 1956, p 11. The Men in Our Game.

[554] Demons IHC, 5 Oct 2014, Demons Senior Goal Keepers, Career Stats.

[555] Ice Hockey Guide, 3 Aug 1956, p 11. The Men in Our Game.

[556] Ice Hockey Guide, 13 Jul 1956, p 11. The Men in Our Game.

[557] The Age, 21 Feb 2010. "The rink outsiders who made the big time" by Chloe Saltau

[558] Ice Hockey Guide, 6th July 1956, p 11. The Men in Our Game.

[559] Table Talk, 21 Aug 1956. "Melbourne Girls and their Hobbies No 7: Miss Winsome Thackeray, Girl Skater" by Beatrice Fischer.

[560] The Argus, Monday 8 Sep 1930, p 14. Part transcript: "...Waltzing Championship Miss W Thackeray and Mr Cyril F MacGillicuddy."

[561] Table Talk, 28 Aug 1930 p 39. Part transcript: "...Back to Buffalo When I called in at the Glaciarlum last week, I discovered much rejoicing over the fact that Mr Frank Mercovich had passed his first-class test, which is the highest degree of skating proficiency. Mr Molloy is reviving the popular Buffalo Night tonight ("Wednesday), and there will be a non-stop programme of novelties and exhibitions on the ice. On Friday night the third sealed handicap will be held and the big night of the year, the fancy dress carnival, will occur on Saturday, September 13. Skaters will sympathise with Norman Turner, of the Victorian ice hockey team, who sustained a broken bone inhis hand during the Inst interstate tests games."

[562] Oregon News , USA, 22 Jan 1918 Transcript: "Mitzi in "Pom-Pom" will be presented at the Page Theatre, Medford, Tuesday evening, January 22, together with an eleven-piece orchestra, and will be the leading attraction of the month. "Pom-Pom" is not subject to criticism, it is only subject to praise, and a vote of thanks is due Mr. Savage for sending here such an entertaining production. Mitzi, pretty, dainty and chic, is just full of pep, laughter and music, and, as she is much on the stage, there are many opportunities to enjoy her work. There are a trio of comedians Charles McNaughton as Policeman No. 13 and Thomas Walsh and Ben Hastings, burglars. There are some splendid singers, including Hattye Fox, Boyd Marshall and Margaret Jarmau, and there are an abundance of song numbers. Louise Larson and Robert Jackson are the premier dancers and excellent ones. Tuneful songs are intermingled with pretty dances; comedy runs a rapid race with burglarious thrills; unique features, such as the dance of the Apaches, the blind men's dance, the one legged dance, are piled one on top of the other in gratifying profusion. And always there is Mitzi tripping in and out with her laughing smile and bewitching laugh; and she can sing, her yodling song being a real gem."

[563] Table Talk,Melbourne, Thursday 29 May 1919, p 10. Interview, Melbourne Glaciarium. Transcript: AUSTRALIANS WHO HAVE WON SUCCESS Professor Jackson and Miss Louis Larsen, Now at the Glaciarium

Birds of the ice they seem, indeed, as they skim and swoop and sway on the Glaciarium ice in their rapid, easy flight, which is yet a maze of intricate movements - these two experts who have just returned to Australia, Miss Louise Larsen and Professor R. Jackson. They come back with all kinds of laurels, for they have been the skating doyens of America in the three years they have been away. They certainly have acquired, or rather have invented, something distinctly new in the way of exhibition skating. There has been little for them to copy, for they have led the van in the U.S.A. skating world. Yet they are just as unassuming and unaffected as when they left Melbourne to move among many world-famous people for they taught the great Charlie Chaplin to skate, also Mae Marsh, another picture play star. Douglas Fairbanks, too, has been on their visiting list, and the lovable Bill Hart. He is not handsome, they say, but is the biggest favorite among fellow-workers, and a universal favorite everywhere.

It is a most interesting experience to get Miss Larsen or Mr. Jackson chatting. They have seen so much, and, what is more, assimilated it, too. In their travels they have seen no ice rink to beat the Glaciarium, except one in South Africa, which, however, was so large and luxurious that it was too costly altogether to maintain, and had to he sold. There are no rinks in America better than this," Professor Jackson assures us, "nor are they larger. The one exclusive rink in New York is more ornamental, about half the size and beautifully decorated, but it somehow lacks the little comforts and conveniences we find here. The ice is glassed in, and the people sit enjoying their afternoon tea in a warmed atmosphere and watch the skating through the glass. The seasons are about the same as here. None of the rinks keep open all the year round, except the hotel private rinks. The leading fashionable hotels each maintain their own rinks. The Biltmore, a beautiful hotel, has its rink on the roof, thirteen stories up, which is not high as hotels go in America. This is a, perfect hotel in every way, and most luxuriously and artistically finished. The rink is glassed in and all around it is the dining-room, where people dine and watch the skating at the same time. They have to be amused while they eat there." "Yes, and take part in amusement, too," Miss Larsen adds. "They will eat a little, then go and skate a bit, then eat a little more and go to another room and dance, and keep it up alternately. Naturally, a luncheon at this rate takes hours. Three hours easily is often spent and they seem to thrive on it, too."

"You do not see such skilful skaters among the Americans as the Australians," the Professor says, watching a gracefully gyrating couple. "They can skate easily and gracefully, but you do not see them doing the fancy movements and dancing skilfully as they do on this rink. "We did not see any startling skating experts, except a troupe of German skaters at the Hippodrome. This is a huge theatre, with a stage all in the centre, so large that I can give you no idea of it. These Germans were the celebrated company from the great rink in Berlin and, when that was closed, upon the outbreak of war, they went to America. The whole stage of the Hippodrome was flooded and frozen and they gave their celebrated pageant there. It was magnificent. They were Germans, and we did not want to admire them, but we could not help it, for their skating was superb.

"Yes, we heard and saw many things to ruffle us, both before and after the Americans were in the war, and used often to get into trouble when we expressed our opinions. "At Chicago, before the Americans were in it, at the picture theatres, when they showed British, Canadian or any of the Allied troops on the screen, they were hissed, while the Germans were cheered. "Since the armistice we have often been ruffled by Americans, because 'They won the war,' you know. "But you could not help admiring them when they were in the war - what they did and how they did it. The wonderful things they turned out and accomplished. They are so enterprising. They will say, 'I don't know how it is going, but we will try it.' That is characteristic in everything, and it is how they succeed so often." They have done some very wonderful things in surgery since the war. One boy we knew had his hand and forearm blown off by an explosion in camp. They picked the hand up and fixed it on again, the surgeon saying, 'I don't know how it is going to act, but we will give it a chance.' The sinews and muscles knitted, the flesh healed, and that boy has a hand and arm he can do anything with; the only thing that it is a couple of inches shorter than the other, and seems to have two wrists", for it bends midway between the wrist and elbow. Then another man had a length of sheep bone inserted into his leg to replace a piece that had been shot away, and it knitted to the natural bone so that he has a leg as good as ever. They will not sacrifice a limb except as the very last resource."

Miss Larsen and Mr. Jackson have given exhibitions everywhere in America and for some time were in San Francisco, where they came in contact with the picture colony. It was here they met all the picture-play artists. Charlie Chaplin they describe as a very nice little fellow, quite unassuming. He could not even manage roller skates when he had the picture done and, when they were teaching him ice skating, he used to convulse them by showing them all the falls he managed for the film. Professor Jackson and Miss Larsen won social as well as professional success in America. Both are Australians of the educated, refined type, who would enhance the credit of their country anywhere. They had some interesting experiences as camp entertainers with a company organised by Miss Muriel Window. "The camps in America were huge," Professor Jackson explains, "and accommodated many thousands of men. Each had its own theatre hall, almost as large as the ice part of this rink. Miss Window was the first to organise a company to give up their whole time to entertaining the soldiers, and made a big sacrifice in doing so. We did, also, for the matter of that, and the other members, too: but we were all glad to do it. We lived in camp and gave an entertainment each night. It was a wonderful experience."

"Have you been skating all the time?" "No, we have done theatrical work also and, just, before wo left, we were appearing in a musical play with Mitzi. She is wonderful only about as high as that," indicating a height between four and five feet, "but such an artist." Professor Jackson and Miss Larsen then gave a practice display, their first since they left America. They described themselves as feeling stiff and awkward, as well as tired. "We cannot do it at all as we would like to-day, for my legs seem to bend under me," Miss Larsen explains, "That is how I felt, too," her partner supplements. But their skating has been superb and sensational, although they are not satisfied, while there is one movement in which Professor Jackson swings Miss Larsen in a kind of dance figure that is startling. "That is where I get bumped sometimes," she explains laughingly when she has somewhat regained her breath. "And what do you say then, let your partner know it." "Oh, I am too breathless to say anything, so he escapes scot free, while, if he lets me down, he falls on top of me, and that finishes me utterly. Sometimes it is a quarter of an hour before I recover completely", but the air with which it is said and the glance she gives her partner show she takes all in good part. This was before they opened professionally on Saturday, when their exhibition created something of a sensation and aroused marked enthusiasm. They will give further exhibitions of their skill next Saturday afternoon and evening.

[564] The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, 14 February 1936, p 5. Transcript: Miss Pamela Prior practising at the Ice Club, Millbank, London for the Winter Olympic Games, now taking place at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria. Miss Prior was selected as a reserve in the woman's skating team which is representing Britain. Online: Also Image EU045909,, 10 January 1936. British girl skater practises in London for Olympic games. Miss Pamela Prior is pracising at the Ice Club, Millbank for the Winter Olympic Games to take place at Germisch Partenkirchen next month. Miss Prior has been selected as a reserve in the women's skating team which will represent Britain. Photo shows , Miss Pamela Prior practising at the Ice Club, Millbank.

[565] Calumet High School Athletic Hall of Fame, 22 Jul 2013, Calumet, Chicago, USA. Press Release, p 3.

[566] Referee, Sydney, 20 August 1924, p 11. Part transcript: ICE HOCKEY SEASON With an unbeaten record, winning seven games and drawing one (with North Sydney the runners-up in the first round). Eastern Suburbs have again won the Sydney ice hockey premiership. Their captain, E. J. Kendall, scored 18 goals out of 36 (seven were secured when he was in Melbourne). Eastern Suburbs won the Hamilton Cup by annexing the premiership and E. J. Kendall the Tintex Cup for tne highest scorer. Gates and F. Whyte being next to him with seven goals each.

[567] Referee, Sydney, 6 May 1937 p 13. Former Ice Hockey Goalie Honored At the annual meeting of the N.S.W. Ice Hockey Association last week, the delegates unanimously elected Jim Barnett, the former State and Glebe goalkeeper, as a life-member. It was a fitting method of honoring one who has for years done excellent work for the game. There are only five life members of the I.H.A. : E. J. Kendall, D. Poole, N. P. Joseph, C. V. Kerr and J. Barnett.

[568] Australian Ice Hockey Carnival 1965, program, NSW Ice Hockey and Sports Club Ltd, Sydney.

[569] Pittsburg Post Gazette, 24 Sep 1946 p 13. "Pretty Australian Girl Here to Cut Out Career"

[570] Riverina Grazier Hay NSW 9 July 1948 p 2

[571] The Argus Women's Magazine 29 June 1948 p 1. "To Skate All Over the World", Maria Vranisan

[572] The Billboard NY Oct 13 1956 p 57, "Ice Capades in Charlotte; Cast Named"

[573] The Billboard NY Dec 18 1948 "Ice Cycles" Closes Spokane Triumph; Preps '49 Edition"

[574] Newcastle Sun NSW 11 Jul 1950 p 7, article and pictures

[575] Email from Birger Nordmark, 12 Dec 2014. Carson 36/37 in Clayton Flyers 37/38 Toronto Posties then returned to Clayton Flyers (also played in Allan Cup elimination games in the Manitoba - Thunder Bay district.

[576] Stats and Biography by Patrick Houda, Stockholm, Sweden. Email from Birger Nordmark, 24 Dec 2014. Transcript excluding links: Born March 15, 1915 in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (Hungary). The best pre WW II player in Hungary together with goaltender István Hircsák. Smart player, good tactician, excellent skater, superb stickhandler and a fine shooter. Pretty much a complete player skill wise. Played a Canadian style  of ice hockey. Between 1940 and 1942 he played for BBTE Budapest. Was back in his old club BKE Budapest in 1943. In 1948 he played in Austria for Kitzbühel. Moved to Melbourne, Australia in 1949 and played for Pirates IHC. He represented Victoria in the 1949 Goodall Cup. In 1950 he played for Blackhawks IHC. Also had an older brother (György) who played ice hockey. Hungary's Most Skillful Player of the Year Award established in 1990 is named the Miklós Award in his honour. Inducted into the Hungarian Hockey Hall of Fame. Passed away in 1981.

[577] Tilburg Closes With Victory: American Airforce beaten 7-4, news article, Tilburg press, 1950

[578] Heavy defeat for Tilburg hockey: beaten by Amsterdam, 6-12, news article Tilburg 1949

[579] Tilburg let the opportunity pass again: 5-7 defeat against Antwerp, news article, Tilburg press, 1950

[580] 2-13! Ijsvogels - Budejovice, news article, Tilburg press, 1948

[581] New South Wales Registry of Births Deaths + Marriages Reg No. 1641/1963

[582] The Sydney Morning Herald NSW Wednesday 11 April 1951 p 8 and 12 April 1951 p 7

[583] Sydney Morning Herald NSW 29 October 1951 p 3 Goalies Save In Ice Hockey

[584] Birger Nordmark, Sweden, via TYSC Trappers history website

[585] Nico Groen Hockey Archives, Jan Groen

[586] Ice Hockey Guide, 1955

[587] The Christian Science Monitor, Sydney, May 17, 1982. Alien sport of ice hockey gains Australian beachhead, by Chris Pritchard.

[588] Auction Notice, 18-20 Lagoon St Narrabeen, Gilbert + Kennedy, 1985

[588] The Sydney Morning Herald, NSW, 2 May 1980, Lions to Star in Ice Hockey

[589] Ice Hockey Journalist UK, based on research by Martin C Harris and Nancy Chisholm in April 1996 and David Gordon in 2005. Parts of the Stevensons' overseas hockey experience are based on their entries in the UK Hockey Hall of Fame and source material.

[590] Icy Hockey Herald No 24, Glasgow, Scotland 3 Apr 1971. Article: "Dynamos Star To Emigrate Soon".

[591] Icy Hockey Herald, Glasgow, Scotland, 1971. Article: "Stevie Starts with a Bang".

[592] The Argus, Melbourne 24 February 1956 p 9. Aussie skater shines AUSTRALIA offers - as much opportunity for ice skating as do Switzerland, Scandinavia, or any part of the world where snow and ice are naturally plentiful. So says Reg Park, young Australian figure skater whose performance is an outstanding feature of the "Spice and Ice" show. Mr. Park, a native of Sandringham, Victoria, won the Australian and Victorian figure skating championships in 1949, having learned the art at the St. Moritz rink. Then he went abroad, turned professional, and in 1953 won the open professional championship in Britain. He has appeared in pantomime on ice, in television ice shows, and, in Paris, with a circus-and-ice production. "Modern entertainment seems inevitably headed to ward a blending with ice," he says. "Australia has plenty of rink talent -the rinks here are open the year round, but in Switzerland, for example, outdoor rinks are available for only three or four months each year. "We have the capacity to produce ice-athletes of Olympic, and of any other standard. But we lack the fully-equipped professional coaches and the invaluable stimulus of overseas competition."

[593] Sporting Globe, Melbourne 22 June 1949 p 17. "Ice Hockey Booming", by Stan Marks.

[594] J. R. Ross, Escape to Shanghai: A Jewish Community in China (New York: The Free Press, 1994), 173.

[595] Maccabi (Makkabi) was the name given to the world union set up by the Zionist congress 1922 to coordinate international Jewish sport, and its philosophy was based on Nordau s Muskejudentum.

[596] For a definitive history of Hakoah, see J. Bunzl, Hoppauf Hakoah, Jüdischer Sport in Osterreich (Vienna: Junius Verlag, 1987).

[597] A History of the Jews in Shanghai, Steve Hochstadt, The Jewish Community of China.

[598] Foer, Franklin (2004). How Soccer Explains the World: An Unlikely Theory of Globalization. New York: Harper Collins. pp. 66-68. ISBN 0066212340.

[599] Sport and Jewish identity in the Shanghai Jewish Community 1938-1949, Anthony Hughes, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

[600] Sports under the Star of David, website. Online

[601] The history of SC Hakoah from Vienna, Sports Club Hakoah Wien website. Online

[602] 45 Jahre SC Hakoah Wien 1909-1954, Sportklub Hakoah, Wien : S. C. Hakoah, 1954

[603] Know Your Councillors: Kurt Defris, Morrie Buckner, Soccer News, Aug 27 1955, p 3

[604] Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database, US Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington DC. The four images above are also from the Museum's collection.

[605] Jewish Refugees in Shanghai, List of names, addresses and occupations, 1939, p. 37, US Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington DC.

[606] Sporting Globe 5 September 1925 p 2

[607] Referee 11 June 1930 p 26.

[608] Victoria Australia Death Records, 1836-1935

[609] The World's News, Sydney, 18 Sep 1929 p 5.

[610] Cyclopedia of Victoria, Mr J B Cameron Entry

[611] The Age 15 June 1925 p 6

[612] The Argus Wed 11 April 1923 p 8 Defective Cold Storage.

[613] The Argus, Thu 23 Sep 1926 p 16. Glaciarium Sold.

[614] Scotland Census 1881, database, FamilySearch, citing p. 16, PRO T 1, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey; FHL microfilm 203,448.

[615] Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950, FHL microfilm 6,035,516.

[616] The Argus, 6 May 1943, p 8. Company Meeting. Glaciarium Has Profitable Year.

[617] The Age, Melbourne, 1939. Article New Glaciarium Opens 1939 Season

[618] John "Kelly" Lovering Obituary, Regina Leader Post, Dec 12 2014

[619] Kelly Lovering, Farewell Our Friend, Hound Headlines, Athol Murray College of Notre Dame 11 Dec 2014

[620] Biographical notes from Jarrod Scott, 22 June 2016.

[621], 'Noga resigns from Adrenaline', by Andrew McMurtry, January 15, 2015

[622] Adelaide Avalanche Ice Hockey Club, official program, Australian Ice Hockey Superleague, 2000