0
3 secs
3,000,000 yrs
2.3 billion yrs ago
360 million yrs ago
10,000 BC





A LONG, LONG
TIME AGO ...
The Big Bang Elements Form Matter
Domination
Era
1st Ice Age 2nd Ice Age Last Ice Age


1859
1866
1876
1877 on
1879
1893–4
1893 on
1894
1901
ENGINEERED
ICE AGE


Dawn of the
Grand Era
of Ice Rinks

19th C AD

Victoria, Australia
Exporting natural lake ice was big business for North America. Australia had none ... • James Harrison,
father of modern refrigeration, establishes
Victoria Ice Works in Melbourne

George Coppin patents a roller and ice skate on his return to Australia from America. • John Gamgee of Edinburgh opens London Glaciarium World's first engineered ice rink • Pacific Coast Steamship Company USA co-founded by great uncle of John Goodall McIlwraith McEacharn. World's first successful refrigerated export from Melbourne on SS Strathleven

• Victorian minister Robert Reid promotes refrigerated trade in Canada
• 1st Stanley Cup
Ottawa Conference attended by both Reid and Simon Fraser. 1st trans-Pacific shipping and telegraph services • 1st engineered ice rink in North America at Baltimore. Start of organised hockey in America • Parallel Nations — extension of trade and 1st bi-lateral relations • Federation of Australian states
• Melbourne is Federal capital until 1927
State League
Sutherland Cup
Glaciarium
1 1907–10
Beavers
Brighton
Brighton
to Yukons
Melburnian
1 2 3 4
to Melbourne
National League Ottawa
1910–14
1 2 1 2 3
Goodall Cup VIC VIC NSW NSW VIC Not Yet Known VIC: 3 of 5 Cups
1904 – 1914 1904 | 2
1905
1906 | 2 | 3 1907
1908 | 2
1909 | 2 | 3
1910 | 2
1911
1912 | 2
1913 | 2 | 3
1914
War 1915-19
Rinks Adel Glaci 1 | Glaciarium Syd Glaci Adel closure

GLACIARIA

Blood-lust
Decade



• Victorian
H Newman Reid opens Australia's 1st experimental
ice rink in Adelaide. Nephew of Robert Reid
• 1st ice season
• 1st int'l instructor James Brewer of Prince's, London
• Reid's Ice Skating & Refrigerating Co, Melbourne
Reid sells Adelaide opens Melbourne at today's South Gate
• Aus v America
1st International
• 1st Australian ice hockey team
• Aus v Canada
at Melbourne
• 1st Canadian Rules
• Sydney Glaci opens – 3 rinks
• Victorian Amateur Ice Hockey Association
(VAIHA)
• 1st Women's ice hockey, Melbourne
• IIHF founded
• 1st Goodall Cup the year after Canada's Allan Cup
• 1st VIHA champs
• Kendall arrives; becomes BHP chief engineer
• Melburnian commence league domination with Hal and Leslie Reid and young Goodall (front) • National Ice Skating Association of Australia (NISAA)
• 1st president Barney Allen
• 1st champions: Hal and Mirey Reid

• 6-men a side
• Last of the blood-lust games — 7 of 14 players seriously injured in 1 game
• Vic captain Jackson turns pro
• Vics lead Cup victories; offside game 20 yrs before most of world
• 1st NSW clubs: Ottawas, Corinthians, Wanderers
• Hockey + skating continues at Glaci + Lake Catani
• Beavers and Ottawa captains killed in action (Andy Reid and Keith C Walker)
• 1916 Dunderdale 1st Australian to contest Stanley Cup
• Jackson pro, USA
• 1917 NHL forms
• Reids to Sydney
• Goodall inherits family fortune
State League
Sutherland Cup
Beavers
1908–21



Yukons
1
Brighton
1 2
Melbourne
5 6 1908–24
Bucks
1920-1
3 Royals
St Kilda
1
Thistles
Essendon
1 2 3
National League Hawthorn
1
1 1 2 2 3
Gower Cup VIC Not known NSW VIC NSW Not known VIC Not known Not known VIC: 4 of 5 known
4 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Goodall Cup No Contest NSW VIC NSW NSW NSW NSW NSW NSW NSW NSW VIC: 1 of 10 Cups
1920 – 1930 1920
1921 | 2 | 3
1922 | 2 | 3 | 4
1923 | 2
1924 | 2 | 3 | 4
1925
1926 | 2 | 3 | 4
1927
1928 | 2 | 3 | 4
1929 | 2 | 3
1930 | 2 | 3
Great Depression
Rinks

GLACIARIA

Demon Decade



* American Charlie Uksila, PCHA teammate of Dunderdale, trains teams in Australia
• Kendall wins small fortune; starts Bradken
• NSW equals Victoria's Cup victories
• 1st NSW Association established by Victorians
• 1st Gower Cup in Melb (National Women's comp). Donated by Kathleen (Goodall) 2-yrs after Canada's Lady Meredith Cup

• 1st national authority for ice hockey + speed skating (AIHSSC)
• 1st president John Goodall
• Uksila returns to coach Victoria

• NSW take lead in Cup victories and dominate for a quarter-century
• Melb Glaci now central hub of all Vic ice and snow sports
• Double-header Goodall Cup series
• Jim Kendall retires; continues as coach
• Ted Molony captains Victoria 1st time
• Goodall weds well-known soprano, Kathleen Fanning
• Molony refs Goodall + Gower Cups
• Victoria faces-off against an even faster, new generation of New South players trained by Kendall • Vics tie 2nd Cup test but defeated 2-1, 4-4, 4-0.
• Inaugural Singleton Cup for speed skating, Melbourne
• Goodall races his Aston Martin in 1st Australian Grand Prix at Philip Island
• 1st Aus speed skating international
• New South's Jimmy Brown breaks British speed skating record. 1st Aus NISA gold medal
• Molony Cup - VIHA Best + Fairest
• Glaci refurbished for 1932 season. New electric refrigerating plant and interior.
• Local + interstate matches broadcast on radio 3AR
State League
Sutherland Cup
Brighton
3 1908–38




St Kilda 1922–31
Essendon 4 5 6 7 1922–38
Hawthorn
1 2 3  1929–38
Melbourne
St Moritz Bombers 1 2 1939–41
Glaciarium Rangers 1939–41
National League Foy's
Gibsonian Flyers
1939–41
Rhodes Topliners 1940–41
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
Goodall Cup NSW T I E NSW NSW NSW NSW NSW NSW NSW No Contest No Contest VIC: 1 tie of 9 Cups
1931 – 1941 1931
1932 | 2 | 3 | 4
1933 | 2 | 3
1934
1935
1936 | 2 | 3 | 4
1937 | 2 | 3
1938 | 2
1939 | 2 | 3
1940
1941
War 1942-5
Rinks 2 | St Moritz


GLACIARIA

Union Decade


• 25th Anniversary of Victorian ice
* Victorian Junior Public Schools Competition
• National Ice Skating Council of Australia

• Cup tie – end of NSW win spree
• Affiliation with International Skating Union (ISU)
• 1st Brown Trophy (Goodall speed skating)
• NSW now without Vic legend Leslie Reid (d. 1932) - 'ownership' of Cup ruthlessly guarded
• Curling Club of Australia (Victoria) forms in Melbourne
• Melbourne IHC reborn for one season, a decade after it folded.
Sir Norman Brookes elected president of Curling Club of Australia
• Molony retires – longest serving State captain. His local team, Essendon, beats Melbourne's record six VIHA premierships
• Tom Moore captains Victoria; 2 ties 1 loss
• 1st Australian Winter Olympian – ice hockey player Ken Kennedy
• Kelly captains Vics. NSW Cup 'custody' enters 15th yr – Napthine twins 'take care' of it
• VIHA accepts RAAF team
IIHF Affiliation; unified rules
• Sydney Ice Palais opens; 1st imports
• Canadian Bears pros visit
• AAIHA breakaway from national body

• H H Kleiner's St Moritz rink opens with 3 new clubs.
• Canadians Carson, Lloyd and Barlock join Vics
• Dawn of twin-rink era both states

• Rhodes Topliners – Bert White, Mil Napthine, Doc Carson (who does GMH orders on roller skates)
• 1,000 people still attend matches
•  Bombers IHC organise Australia's 1st ice polo game on wooden horses with skates.
• Doc Carson leaps over 3 barrels
•  At least 2 Bombers players killed in action (Driver and Stewart). Victoria lose more, including John Keane
State League
Kleiner Cup
Northern
Red Arrows
1946–53




Eastern
Demons
Western 1
Tigers
1 2
Southern
Monarch
1
Blackhawks1 [ VIHL ] 2 1 3
Wildcats 1 [ VIHL ] 1947–55
Golden Bears [VIHL] 1948–54
5 Pirates
20 Knights [ VIHL ]
6 Raiders 1 [VIHL] 1 2 3 4
Raiders-Hakoah
Arkana
Raiders-
Hakoah-Arkana

21 7 8 9 10 11
Goodall Cup T I E VIC NSW VIC NSW VIC VIC VIC VIC VIC No Contest VIC: 7 of 10 Cups
1946 – 1956 1946 | 2 |
1947 | 2 | 3 | 4
1948 | 2 | 3 | 4
1949 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 1950 | 2 | 3 | 4
1951 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
1952 | 2 | 3
1953 | 2 | 3 | 4
1954 | 2 | 3 | 4
1955
1956 | 2 |
1956
Rinks Hobart Glaci Perth Ice Palais Hobart/Perth close Sydney closes


TWIN-RINK ERA

Boom Decade


• No hockey at Glaci until 1949. St Moritz ice 4 new teams.
• Unauthorised match – 6 players suspended
• 'New Australians'
• Payback. Vics win Cup back after 25-yrs; dominate next 35 yrs.
• Australia's 1st ISU judge – Victorian hockey player Cyril MacGillicuddy
• Al Sengotta — All-star and Golden Bears coach.
• Hobart Glaciarium
Ron Casey's 1st All-Australian team
* VIHL forms - Cup strength halved
• Twin rinks; twin leagues; 9 clubs – century peak
• Southern Fliers speed skating club
• 1st WA hockey
• VIHA + VIHL both defeat NSW in 2 separate series
• VIHA join AOF aided by Luxton
• Jim Brown retires; hockey and speed skating split – AIHSSC now AIHF
• 1st Tas + WA hockey
• Molony facilitates Tas association
• Vic + NSW speed skating unions
Aust Amateur Ice Racing Council (AAIRC)
• National body re-named AIHF
• WA/Tas associations
• Inaugural Stamina Trophy – 1st Jnr Interstate Series at St Moritz. Vic tie NSW 2–2
• AAIRC Duke Trophy
• Former Canadian Bears pro Doc Carson, 1947 Cup captain, presides over much of the VIHA Boom • Raiders (mostly Europeans) win 4th straight Kleiner Cup; equal Melburnian' 40-yr old record
• Dunbar Poole dies

• Aust Club Championships commence- top 2 clubs each state
• Blackhawks break Raiders' Kleiner Cup winning streak
• Victoria win 7th Cup this decade.
• Melbourne Glaci Golden Jubilee
• Sydney Glaci closes — no Goodall Cup contest for 5-yrs
• Mirey Reid dies
• Friendly Games
Melbourne Summer Olympiad. Glaci hosts basketball and gymnastics
State League
Kleiner Cup
Tigers




Demons
Monarch 2 3 4 3 1
Blackhawks 4 5 6 7 2 8
Pirates
National League Hakoah
1 1 2
12 13 22 23 14 15 16
Goodall Cup No Contest No Contest No Contest No Contest VIC VIC NSW NSW VIC VIC VIC VIC: 5 of 7 Cups
1957 – 1967 1957
1958
1959 | 2 | 3 | 4
1960 | 2 | 3 | 4
1961 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
1962 | 2 | 3
1963 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
1964
1965 | 2
1966 | 2 | 3 |
1967 | 2
Rinks Glaci closes Adel St Moritz / Syd Prince Alfred Bris Mowbray Park 3 | Brunswick 4 | Clifton Hill 5 | Moorabbin


DAWN OF TIN
SHED ERA


Olympic Decade


• Melb Glaci closes after 50 yrs– longest operating ice rink in southern hemisphere
• Molony + Gordon take-over St Moritz
• AAIRC join ISU

• Victorian ice hockey televised weekly
• Blackhawks 3rd club ever on 4-straight wins
• Cunningham sets new VIHA records
• Cunningham + Henke
• Prince Alfred Park operated by Vics Molony & Gordon
• Jnr (U16) dev't led by Ken Pawsey
• Jim Brown dies
• John Goodall dies
• 1st Australian Olympic + Worlds ice hockey team; all but one are Vics. Coach Bud McEachern, Mgr Russ Carson
• Brisbane's 1st ice rink opens at South Brisbane
• Queensland now competing
• World Championships, Colorado USA. 1st Worlds game won against Denmark
• Bunswick opens for 6 mths
• 1st Aus Club Championships
• Hakoah win 1st premiership and tour NZ. 1st Aus team televised international
• Olympic qualification Tokyo - Aus eliminated by Japan.
• Inaugural Brown Trophy, Brisbane (U20; formerly Return Goodall)
• 1st hockey at Adelaide St Moritz
• Inaugural De Fris trophy Melbourne
• Blackhawks win record 7th premiership to take all-time lead
• Clifton Hill rink opens and closes
• Moorabbin rink opens for 4-yrs — 1st of 9 rented tin sheds
• Qld to compete in Australian Club Championship in '67
• Vic hockey strictly "Men Only" game
State League
Kleiner Cup
Tigers




Demons 1 2
Monarch 5 2 6 3 4 7 5 8 6
Blackhawks
Pirates 1 2
Hakoah
3 4 2
National League Rangers 1
Nite Owls (OiHAN)
17 24 25 26 18 19 20 21 22 1 23
Goodall Cup VIC NSW NSW NSW VIC VIC VIC VIC VIC QLD VIC VIC: 7 of 11 Cups
1968 – 1978 1968
1969 | 2
1970 | 2
1971
1972 | 2
1973 | 2
1974 1975
1976 | 2
1977 | 2 | 3 | 4
1978 | 2
Rinks Moorabbin closes 6 | Oakleigh
7 | Ringwood
8 | Dandenong


TIN SHED ERA

Suburban
Decade



• Hakoah v Monarch '68

• Monarch premiership hat trick - 4th in league history
• Inaugural Tange Trophy - Vic wins both series

• Demons win 1st premiership 23 yrs after 1st formed
• Moorabbin rink closes
• Oakleigh Olympic and Ringwood Iceland rinks open
• 3 Vic rinks for 1st time
• 2nd Brisbane rink Kalinga Park Toombul
• Doc Carson's Monarch heading for premiership record

• Monarch equal Blackhawks on most premierships of all-time
• Melbourne Nite Owls – 1st Aus old-timers club

• Return to IIHF Worlds at Grenoble in France
• 1st old-timers national – Nite Owls tie Sydney Silver Tails 3–3
• Rangers premiers 1st season
• Vic legend Ted Molony dies; Australia's most significant ice sports builder after H N Reid
• Pirates win 1st premiership 27 yrs after founded
• Last Australian Club Championship won by NSW (Canterbury United)
• 2nd-period entertainment
• Dandenong Colosseum opens
• Queensland's 1st Goodall Cup
• SA compete 1st time
• 1980 Oakleigh Aces (NIHL); became Oakleigh Golds 1981-2
•  'Hawks v Hakoah '78
State League
Kleiner Cup
Tigers 1946–81




Demons
Monarch Saints–M'arch9
10 11 12 13
Blackhawks 9
Pirates 3 1949–86
Hakoah
5 Lions–Hakoah
Rebels
Hakoah
National League Rangers 2 3 4 ?
Lions to Hakoah
Nite Owls (OiHAN)
24 27 28 25 29 30 31 1 2 32 33
Goodall Cup VIC NSW NSW VIC NSW NSW NSW SA SA NSW NSW Vic 2 of 11 Cups
1979 – 1989 1979 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
1980 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
1981 | 2
1982 | 2 | 3
1983 | 2
1984 | 2 | 3 |
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989 | 2 | 3 | 4
Rinks 9 | Footscray St Moritz closes Ringwood closes 10 | Bendigo
Footscray closes
Dandenong closes


TIN SHED ERA

Shut-down
Decade



• Two cup victories separate Victoria (24) and NSW (26) – closest since NSW took lead in 1925
• Footscray Iceland; rinks peak at 5
• Hakoah premiers last time
• AUS drops-out of IIHF Worlds 1980-5
• NIHL: Syd, New'le, Adel + 4 Vic teams
• Tigers fold after 45-yrs. Demons, Blackhawks and Saints-Monarch now oldest surviving clubs • Last Goodall Cup won by Victoria this century
• Last National Ice Hockey League (NIHL) season
• VIHL Mk II comes and goes
• Saints-Monarch become all-time VIHA league leaders with 9th premiership
ABC Slapshot Series featuring Australian league clubs


• Last premiership for Footscray Pirates
• Start of longest winning streak in VIHA history – Monarch win 10 Kleiner Cups
• South Australia's 1st Goodall Cup

• 1st international ice hockey medal – Pool D Gold, Perth
• Guinness Record: highest score in Worlds match, Aus d. NZ, 58-0
• Christmas Down Under Tournament • C-Pool Worlds in Sydney Australia
• Vic champion Sandy Gardner
State League
Kleiner Cup
Demons 3 4 5 6




Saints–M'ch14 15 16
Saints 17 18 19
Blackhawks
Hakoah
Melb Jets 1
Braves
Sharks
National League Nite Owls (OiHAN)
3 4 34 35 5 36 6 1 37 7
Goodall Cup SA SA NSW No Contest NSW SA NSW SA ACT NSW SA VIC: 0 of 10 Cups
1990 – 2000 1990 | 2
1991
1992 | 2
1993
1994
1995 | 2
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
Rinks 11 | Ringwood II 12 | Geelong


TIN SHED ERA

Regeneration
Decade



• Aus Silver in IIHF Worlds D-Pool at Cardiff in Wales 

• Worlds in Greece cancelled due to the Gulf War • C-Pool IIHF Worlds in Britain • Saints-Monarch now just Saints • Saints break all-time records with 9th successive premiership; 19th in total

• Melbourne Jets' 1st premiership

• Saints 19th premiership – most successful Vic club of the century
• Vic legend Doc Carson dies

• Braves ice hockey club forms • ACT's 1st Goodall Cup • State government seeks proposals for new ice sports centre - Docklands twin-rinks open a decade later • Australian Ice Hockey League (AIHL); 1st semi-pro national league
State League
Russell Jones Premiership Cup
Demons 7 8 as Rangers 1




Saints as Tigers 1
Blackhawks 10 11 12 13
Melbourne Jets
as Rangers 1
Braves 1
Sharks 1 as Tigers 1
Geelong Cougars
Bendigo Raiders 2004–7
Melb Ice (AIHL)
Melb Mustangs (AIHL Provisional sanction)
National League Nite Owls (OiHAN)
8 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 9 26
Goodall Cup SA NSW NSW NSW NSW NSW NSW NSW SA VIC VIC: 1 of 10 Cups
2001 – 2010 2001 | 2
2002
2003
2004
2005 | 2 |
2006 | 2 |
2007 | 2 | 3
2008 | 2 | 3
2009 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
2010 | 2
Rinks Ringwood II closes 13 | Bayswater
Geelong/Bay'r close
Bendigo closes Bendigo re-opens 14 | Docklands
Bendigo closes


SEMI-PRO ERA

Centenary
Decade



• Demons' 5th successive premiership 
* Oakleigh Olympic turns 30 - oldest surviving rink
• Blackhawks premiers; end of 36-yr dry spell
• Melbourne Ice – 1st semi-pro AIHL club in Victoria
• Goodall Cup to AIHL

• Demons' last premiership of the century • Bendigo Raiders form
• Sharks' 1st premiership
• AIHL attracts NHL players

• Blackhawks dominate decade
• Bendigo rink turns 20; 2nd-oldest surviving
• Braves' 1st premiership
• Jnr leagues halved in past 7 yrs
• Demons, Saints and 'Hawks Diamond Jubillee – oldest surviving clubs

• Ice at all-time low; 4 rinks close in 1 decade
• IHV downsizes to 5 senior teams
• Worlds Div II Gold, Newcastle. Aus promoted to Div I (1st time)

• IHV downsizes to 4 senior teams
• IHV Ginsberg, De Fris and Tange gold
• IHV/Goodall Cup centenary – trophy returns to national amateur league

Icehouse twin-rink
• Bendigo finally closes after 23 yrs
• IHV Men's Triple Crown (De Fris, Tange, Brown)
• Melbourne Ice win back Goodall Cup after 27 yrs



State League
Russell Jones Premiership Cup
Demons 9 10




Saints (as Tigers) 2
Blackhawks
2

Jets (with Demons)

Jets

Braves 2 3
Sharks (as Tigers) 2
AJIHL
Melb Red Wings Melb Glaciers
AJIHL
Melb Blackhawks Melb Whalers
Melb Ice (AIHL)
Melb Mustangs (AIHL)
National League Nite Owls (OiHAN)
27 28 45 29 46
Goodall Cup VIC VIC NSW VIC NSW VIC: 2 of 4 Cups
2011 – 2020 2011 | 2 | 3 | 4
2012 | 2
2013 | 2 | 3 |
2014 | 2 |
2015 2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
Rinks


SEMI-PRO ERA

Future
Decade



• Mustangs join AIHL 
• Div II Worlds at Icehouse. Austallia win Gold, promoted back to Div I
• Melbourne Ice win back-to-back Cups
• Perth Thunder join AIHL
• Inaugural AJIHL
• Inaugural Trans Tasman Champions League
• Melbourne Ice set record for three consecutive Cups
• Perth in AIHL finals 2nd season.
• Nathan Walker plays NHL pre-season for Caps.
• Two new Vic AJIHL teams, Glaciers + Whalers.
• Knights fold, CBR Brave joins AIHL and Canberra make finals for first time.
• Nathan Walker drafted by Washington Caps.
• Most competitive AIHL season.

• Inaugural AIHL All-Star Weekend
• Men's, Women's and Youth teams win Gold and promotion
• NSW win 4th consecutive AIHL Champions Trophy





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